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Unformatted text preview: WA 13 National independence and unity in Africa was hard to accomplish due to the Great War and the Great Depression that Africa was unwillingly dragged into. The increase of superpowers global influence complicated the process of decolonization and Africas fight for independence. The internal division of African societies which had tribal, ethnic, religious, and linguistic differences also complicated the decolonization process. All of these boundaries had been exploited by European rules and turned into colonies, and proved difficult for African leaders to turn around. After the war Africa embraced the ideas of nationalism which was also being dispersed around the globe as a result of the war and fought for their independence. (BZS) After the Great War many African nationalists heard about U.S. president Woodrow Wilsons ideas regarding self-determination. His ideas influenced the growth of African nationalism and the development of national movements. Many of the Africans that became involved in this were a class of native urban intellectuals that had been educated in Europe. The ideologies that they had become involved with promised freedom from colonialism and promoted new identities. (BZS) Colonialism created a new African social class often called the new elite. They were called elite due to their European-style education and employment in the colonial state, foreign companies or Christian missions. The upper levels of the elite were high-ranking civil servants, doctors, lawyers and writers. All of these professionals had studied either abroad in Western Europe or in the United States. Jomo Kenyatta is a great example of an African nationalist. He spent almost fifteen years in Europe attending various schools, including the London School of Economics. Kenyatta eventually led Kenya to independence from the British. Under the highest level of the elite stood the teachers, clerks and interpreters who had also received a European...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course HST 150 taught by Professor Fisher during the Spring '11 term at Michigan State University.
- Spring '11