Political Science Chap 6 and 7

Political Science Chap 6 and 7 - Chapter 6 Differences...

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Chapter 6 Differences between House and Senate Necessary and Proper Clause: The last clause of Article I, Section 8, of the constitution. This clause grants Congress the authority to make all laws that are “necessary and proper” and to execute those laws. Pg. 66 and 251 Gerrymandering: drawing legislative districts in such a way as to give one political party a disproportionally large share of seats for the share of votes its candidates win. Pg. 253 Reasons for incumbency advantage: 261, 308 Multiple referral: The act of sending a proposed piece of legislation to moer than one committee in the same chamber. Pg. 288 “Seniority rule”: The congressional practice of appointing as committee or subcommittee chairs the members of the majority with the most years of committee service. Pg. 271 Discharge petition: a petition that removes a measure from a committee to which it has been referred in order to make it available for floor consideration. In the House a discharge petition must be signed by a majority of House members (218). page 298 Veto override process 305-306 Pocket veto: A method by which the president vetoes a bill passed by both houses of congress by failing to act on it within ten days of Congress’s adjournment. Pg. 306 Constitutional powers of Congress: 261 House leadership: Standing committees: A permanent legislative committee specializing in a particular legislative area. Standing committees have stable memberships and stable jurisdictions. Pg. 283 Conditional party government: The degree of authority delegated to and exercised by congressional leaders; varies with and is conditioned by the extent of election-driven ideological consensus among members. Pg. 276 Explainable vote: 302-303 Pork-barrel spending: Legislation that provides members of congress with federal projects and programs for their individual districts. Pg. 264 Potential short answer questions: Open rule: a provision governing debate of a pending bill and permitting any germane amendment to be offered on the floor of the house. Closed rule: An order from the house rules committee limiting floor debate on a particular bill and disallowing or limiting amendment restricted rules: a provision that governs consideration of a bill and that specifies and limits the kinds of amendments that may be made on the floor of the house of reps. Pg. 298 How a bill becomes law: Chapter 7 Unitary executive argument: when a president claims prerogative to attach signing statements to bills and asserts his/her right to modify implementation or ignore altogether provisions of a new law that encroaches on his/her constitutional prerogatives as “the chief executive” or as commander in chief. Pg. 316
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course PLS 320 taught by Professor Snook during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Political Science Chap 6 and 7 - Chapter 6 Differences...

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