{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

political science chap 12, 13

political science chap 12, 13 - Chapter 12 political...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 12 political parties Parties definitions Burke (18 th century): “a body of men united for promoting by their joint endeavors the national interest, upon some particular principle in which they are all agreed” Downs (20 th century): “A team of men seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duty constituted election” -consistent on appetite for public office Parties purposes -recruit and train leaders -foster political participation -teach new citizens democratic habits -organize citizens and leaders into electoral and policy coalitions -allow citizens to hold their agents collectively responsible -channel and constrain political conflicts, promoting peaceful resolution -facilitate collective action In the constitution -not mentioned specifically -parties widely considered a threat to good government and public order -first parties not meant to be permanent -constitution shaped them -first amendment -design of constitutional government Party building incentives -need -for organization -to build stable legislative and electoral alliances -to mobilize voters -to develop new electoral techniques -to use party labels and enforce collective responsibility Three-part systems -party in government -alliance of officeholders shaping policy -party organization -electing party’s candidates -party in the electorate -voters who identify with party and vote for it Party system -two party competition -one winner, plurality vote (duverger’s law) -parties maintain system -decentralized, fragmented party coalitions -professional politicians
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Evolution of party system -first party system (1790-1824): creation of national parties -second party system (1824-1860): organizational innovation -Third party system (1860-1894): entrepreneurial politics -party machines and progressive reform -Fourth party system (1894-1932): Republican ascendancy -Fifth party system (1932-?): FDE and New Deal Coalition -Republican coalition -fifth party system begins to erode -civil rights, states’ rights -democrats splinter over Vietnam -great society -Nixon, Reagan, bush-winning coalitions
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern