Political Science lecture 2

Political Science lecture 2 - Specific contexts used by...

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Specific contexts used by Milton to protest against licensing act -act that British parliament put a ban on printing without a license and set up government committees -milton wrote the pamphlet to parliament -style of speech, angry speech -Milton announced liberal behavior of British parliament and speaks out against censorship and in favor of free speech -one of the most influential and passionate thing on free speech -elogant form for freedom of expression -argument written and designed to parliament to rescind licensing act lift ban on unlicensed publication and abandon censorship -appeal to parliament -milton does not argue in favor of free and unregulated free speech -such an argument would never be taken seriously and tarnish his reputation as a poet -argument he makes is simply the books should not be suppressed before they’re published. Argument on pre censorship to publication SLIDE 2 -free and enlightened and expressive and close minded societies -wants parliament to follow in the former -classical city states of Greece and roman republic -close minded govs are Spain -free and oppressive states-Greece and Rome were pagan while Spain was Christian -makes subtle attempt to link oppression to Christianity and freedom to paganism -in urging parliament to behave as ancient Rome senators did he is flattering British parliament to comparing Britain to Greece and Rome “we too are the great and you too are as great as the senators as troy so let’s do as they did and not license books” -message the pamphlets opens with and this message is intended to stroke the vanity of politicians who like to think of themselves as magistrates -stresses to stay away from catholic Spain and the papacy -tells members to follow noble footsteps of ancients or tyrannical footsteps of properly -admirers of ancient politics (Angolan and unsympathetic to Catholicism) -gives parliament choice papacy or freedom of speech -his first argument is to emulate the societies you admire to stay away from the others SLIDE 3 -second asrgument in favor of free speech: value of reading, reading provides knowledge of good and evil -give historical examples: moses possessed suberp knowledge of Egyptians, his knowledge was accumulated through reading, knew his enemies well by reading their own writings and opinions -Dinysius early devout Christian who read tyrannical writings to know what grouns to refute them -reading of enemy books was highly useful, one must familiarize himself with bad before being convinced it was bad or defeat the bad -bad books therefore-books the british parliament can sensor-bad books are highly useful books, they allow discreet and judicaial reader to “discover, confute, forewarn and to illustrate” -according to this argument, people should not be protexted by bad books from government, bad
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books will not corrupt them, will enable them to form basis of the opinion they form -if they read bad books they can explain why something is bad -good and evil coexist in the world and isolated people form the evil cripples them
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course PLS 320 taught by Professor Snook during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Political Science lecture 2 - Specific contexts used by...

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