Political Science paper 1

Political Science paper 1 - Political Science 321 June...

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Political Science 321 June 10th, 2011 Everson v. Board of Education and Religious Establishment The Framers’ created three separate goals for Religious Establishment. These goals included: (1) that there be no public aid for religion; (2) that if states did aid religion, it be equal to all religions; and (3) that there be a prohibition against the establishment of a state religion. By creating a wall between church and state, all public aid for religion is cut off. The state should not encourage religion in any way, therefore no public aid is offered. In “Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments,” James Madison expressed that one destroys religion when one mixes it with politics. Politics will destroy religion even when it tries to assist it. Having equal aid to all religions from the state creates a way for the state to have a hand in religion, as long as it is done equally. The American Framers were strongly against a national religion, and as the Establishment Clause states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion” (PowerPoint, 2011). John Locke also made this point in “A Letter Concerning Toleration.” He stated that all religions should be accepted, instead of allowing one religion to dominate. Locke realized that it was impossible to impose religious beliefs on men. The Framers were also seeking a way to avoid religious persecution of the early American colonists. The First Amendment only refers to the federal government; however, through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, the First Amendment also applies to state and local governments. In the 1940’s, a New Jersey school district passed a law that allowed the reimbursement of local school districts to fund the transportation of children to private schools. This case is known as Everson v. Board of Education. The Board of Education of Ewing Township passed the
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course PLS 320 taught by Professor Snook during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Political Science paper 1 - Political Science 321 June...

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