Exam 1 study guide - Chapter 1 1. Define the following:...

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Chapter 1 1. Define the following: pharmacology, psychopharmacology, psychology, drug, psychoactive drug, drug abuse. 2. How are drugs classified? 3. What are the pharmacological and nonpharmacological factors that help us to understand the drug experience? 4. Consider recent findings from the National Household Survey. What drugs are mostly widely used and what sub-group differences are apparent? What issues might affect accuracy of drug surveys? 5. What are the estimated economic costs of drug and alcohol use? 6. Consider the phenomenon of drug dependence or addiction. Note particularly the DSM-IV list of symptoms and criteria for dependence and abuse. 7. What is polydrug abuse? 8. What is drug tolerance? What is a withdrawal or abstinence syndrome? 9. Check out the web sites listed at the end of the chapter and use a search engine (e.g., Google) to search for additional drug-related web sites. Try to evaluate these sites using the criteria specified in Table 1-5. Chapter 2 1. Consider the earliest forms of drug use. What drugs were the first to be used -beer and huckleberry wine. How were drugs spread world-wide?-America to Europe:cocaine, hallucinogens, tobacco. 2. What were the Opium Wars and who won them? Between China and Great Britain. British brought too much opium to china. Chinese were addicted to opium. Britain didn’t respect this, for financial reasons and their European people weren’t addicted because they mainly used it for only medicine. Chinese government destroyed large shipments of opium being brought into China by british and American traders. British won-1842 treaty of Nanking receiving the right to the port of hong kong. Second opium war- China would continue to import opium but imposed heavy taxes. Soldier’s disease=morphine was extracted from the opium poppy-morphine addiction. 4. What were the earliest drug laws in the US? Drug laws had limited effectiveness in reducing overall illicit drug availability and use. The more restrictive the law, the less effective it is in the long run. Consider the San Francisco ordinance -Chinese men entered America for work demands to build railways and later in the day smoked opium. Only opium dens were were banned, not the smoking of opium. Effect was great by setting the stage for drug regulation in other parts of the country. and the Pure Food and Drug Act.-designed to control opiate addiction. Producers must list everything accurately on alcohol, marijuana and cocaine. Did not ban opiates, but the legislation decreased the number of new addicts. 5. What was the significance of the 1914 Harrison Act? Regulated,but not prohibited the legal supply of certain drugs, particularly opiates. Marketing and prescribing drugs required licensing. The law served to shift opium and morphine addicts to heroine because it was easier to obtain. Doubled the number of addicts in the U.S. Did not restrict the medicines, only a max of 2 grains of opium, ¼ grain of morphine 1/8 grain heroine per ounce… Did not include cocaine as a narcotic.
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6. What were the effects of alcohol prohibition(Volstead Act) in the twenties?
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course PSY 245 taught by Professor Miller,m during the Spring '08 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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Exam 1 study guide - Chapter 1 1. Define the following:...

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