Ch.1 - What is Health and What is Health Psychology Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: What is Health and What is Health Psychology Chapter 1 Current Western Conception • Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity What is Health Psychology? • The study of individual behaviors and lifestyles affecting a person’s physical health. – Disease prevention and Treatment – Identification of risks – System improvement – Shaping opinion Why Do This? • Changing Patterns of Disease and Death • Escalating Costs of Health Care • Evolving View of Health Leading causes of death, United States, 1900. Leading causes of death, United States, 2000 Per capita health expenditures, U.S., 1960 to 1998. Estimated Contributions of Different Factors to Health Status 30% 20% 40% 10% Other Factors Genetic Behavior Medical Care Evolving view of Health/Disease • Past Conceptualizations of Health • Medical Model • Biopsychosocial:biological, psychological, social. Views health as a positive condition • Public Health Model Health Through History Medical Model • Disease is organic – Began with ancient Greeks • Humoral Theory – Solidified w/Germ Theory (Pasteur, 1860s) • Single cause • Health is the absence of disease • Physical treatments are optimal Biopsychosocial Model...
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course PSY 366 taught by Professor Shanhongluo during the Fall '11 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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Ch.1 - What is Health and What is Health Psychology Chapter...

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