study guide for exam 2

study guide for exam 2 - The Psychodynamic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Psychodynamic School =unconscious process Schools of thought had the greatest influence in the early 20 th century (schools established by 1920): After the schools of thought died in 1950, their controversies and basic viewpoints prevail. Issues have shifted and priorities are different among the professional specialties. -Psychodynamic schools look at how the unconscious impacts behavior. -Psychodynamic school founders were NOT psychologists. They were European physicians and lay therapists -Current day psychologists: few psychologists are psychodynamic in orientation. While the scientific approach of psychodynamic/unconscious is questionable, people acting without conscious awareness remains an important problem in psych. Freud’s life: Historic context: Austrian physician 1856-1939(last of 19 th century-first of 20 th century). -Theory developed from analytic therapy sessions with patients. Theory emphasized unconscious processes determining behavior. -Used free association, dream analysis, hypnosis. -Distribution of psychic energy from libido. Training as a physician that shaped his ideas and work: Books of his ideas: (1890-1910): -Psychopathology of Everyday Things: how the unconscious impacts daily behavior. Forgetfulness, slips of tongue -Interpretation of Dreams 1900 Unconscious instinctive energy: Libido is more than erotic. Libido is the life force. - Thanatos/death instinct relates to aggression - Unconscious energy shapes our life. The unconscious is not accessible to those without using psychoanalytic techniques in psychoanalytic sessions, or analyzing literature and other artifacts. - Conscious thoughts we have=the tip of an iceberg Ideas about the… A. Symbolic behavior in everyday life B. Personality(parts): unconscious libido of personality=id, ego, superego -Id: pleasure principle. Sexual energy to be expressed -Ego: reality principle. Dealing with societal norms/reality -Superego: conscience/guilt. Being alone and tempted to do something bad. -Well adjusted person has the ego in charge. -Everyday behavior reflects the operation of unconscious processes. C.Defense mechanisms - repression and denial: repressing Oedipal wishes so as not to harm the real world -projection: I hate susan, therefore susan hates me. Conflict with parents, then saying I love my parents -Reaction formation: straight males hates gays therefore exaggerates straight behavior -Intellectualization: John has a strict father. Explains to others that ”My father was a firm person” -Fixation and regression: a 10 year old starts sucking his thumb after his baby sister is born D.stages of development illustrate the operation of the unconscious individual’s lives (GOLAP)-Oedipal and Electra complexes are crucial to Freud’s concepts. 1. Oral(0-1): must be weaned. Will have issues with
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

study guide for exam 2 - The Psychodynamic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online