Chapter 4 The Social and Cultural Construction of Reality Multiple Choice Questions 1.A totem is: a) a physical representation of a spiritual being.b) a symbol of group identity.c) a compendium of religious teaching.d) one of a number of spirit doubles linked to someone’s soul.ANS: CTOP: IntroductionLO: Fact 2. Which of these is NOT an example of symbolic action? 3.What do metaphors do? 4.According to the anthropologists Sapir and Whorf, vocabulary in every languageprimarily reflects: 5.The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that: a)certain grammatical patterns are universal.b)metaphors make language more efficient.c)the grammar of a language is linked to the culture of its native speakers.d)grammar is neither logical nor efficient because it is not planned. 28
ANS: CTOP: Question 4.1LO: Fact 6.Which of these domains of experience is NOT a key source of metaphors inmainstream American society? 7. How does the act of eating reflect Kwakwaka’wakw views of the relationshipbetween birth, life, and death? 8. According to Tanya Luhrmann, tarot cards provide: 9.The use of specific metaphors and domains: a)demonstrates a speaker’s poetic skills. b)creates cohesive meaning in a culture.c)allows a speaker to win debates.d)makes language more colorful.ANS: BTOP: Question 4.1LO: Fact
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