a1-lithuanian-sample

a1-lithuanian-sample - LIGN 211A, Introductory Phonology 1....

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LIGN 211A, Introductory Phonology Sample assignment solution: Lithuanian Fall 2010 1 1. Introduction The purpose of this short paper is to provide discussion and analysis of the Lithuanian verbal prefix data provided in our first assignment, given what we already know from the in-class dis- cussion and analysis of the English past tense suffix data. Each of the Lithuanian verbal prefixes given in the data has five allomorphs: (i) an allomorph ending in a voiceless unpalatalized stop ( at-, ap- ); (ii) an allomorph ending in a voiced unpalatalized stop ( ad-, ab- ); (iii) an allomorph ending in a voiceless palatalized stop ( at j -, ap j - ); (iv) an allomorph ending in a voiced palatal- ized stop ( ad j -, ab j - ); and (v) an allomorph ending in a voiceless palatalized stop followed by high, front, unrounded vowel ( at j i-, ap j i- ). (Note: palatalization is automatic before this vowel.) The complementary distribution of these five allomorphs is determined by the initial conso- nants of the stems to which they attach. The first four of the allomorphs clearly involve assimila- tion for voicing and palatalization: the voiceless unpalatalized allomorphs appear before stems that begin with voiceless unpalatalized obstruents or unpalatalized sonorants, the voiced unpala- talized allomorphs appear before stems that begin with voiced unpalatalized obstruents, the voiceless palatalized allomorphs appear before stems that begin with voiceless palatalized ob- struents or palatalized sonorants, and the voiced palatalized allomorphs appear before stems that begin with voiced palatalized obstruents. The following table summarizes this information. 1 (1) Distributions of the four assimilatory allomorphs of each of the verbal prefixes allomorphs allomorph type context examples at-, ap- Σ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Τ –voi –pal __ Σ ΢ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Υ Τ ΩΪ Ψ Ϊ Χ έΪ ά Ϊ Ϋ –voi –son –pal at-pra ʃ j i:t j i ‘to ask’ ap-tar j t j i ‘to discuss’ ad-, ab- Σ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Τ +voi –pal __ Σ ΢ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Υ Τ –son +voi –pal ad-buk j t j i ‘to become blunt’ ab-dras j k j i:t j i ‘to tear’ (pf.) at j -, ap j - Σ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Τ –voi +pal __ Σ ΢ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Υ Τ ΩΪ Ψ Ϊ Χ έΪ ά Ϊ Ϋ –voi –son +pal at j -p j aut j i ‘to cut off’ ap j -t j em j d j i:t j i ‘to obscure’ ad j -, ab j - Σ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Τ +voi +pal __ Σ ΢ ΢ Ρ Φ Υ Υ Τ –son +voi +pal ad j -b j ek j t j i ‘to run up’ ab j -d j eg j t j i ‘to get burned’ The fifth allomorph of each verbal prefix appears before a set of obstruents that overlaps with all of the contexts described in (1): the fifth allomorph of the prefix with the coronal stop ( at j i- ) 1 For the sake of simplicity, I assume here that palatalization is marked by the feature [±palatalized] ([±pal] for short).
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LIGN 211A, Introductory Phonology Sample assignment solution: Lithuanian Fall 2010 2 appears before other coronal stops, regardless of voicing and palatalization (i.e. t, d, t j , d
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a1-lithuanian-sample - LIGN 211A, Introductory Phonology 1....

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