LX 513 Phonology
Instructor: Prof. Trigo
Greenlandic Eskimo p. 43 (GP)
ID # 611-16-8375
In stating a phonological rule, we need to ensure that the rule fulfills certain
requirements for it to be viable.
A phonological rule should, therefore, subsume certain
properties that fulfill those requirements.
A breakdown of those properties would be the
X --> Y / A ___ B
a) Y has a distribution restriction, and is more predictable than X.
b) X does not have a distribution restriction, and is unpredictable.
c) Y is affected by either its preceding sound A or the following sound B.
d) Y is more marked than X, i.e., it is less frequent than X in many languages.
e) X is less marked than Y, i.e., its frequency of occurrence is relatively higher than Y.
Upon examining the list of both preceding and following segments of sounds in
Greenlandic Eskimo, the following linguistically relevant differences were found:
n, r, m, v, s, q, l, g, i
q, #, s, l, t, k, r
#, s, q, t, k, p
v, p, m, t, n, s, k, l, g, a
l, t, n, k, #
v, m, n, s, v, g
p, n, s, m, n
r, q, #
n, l, #, k
r, q, #
A closer scrutiny of the sounds preceding and following the Greenlandic phonetic