D06_polish_tagalog

D06_polish_tagalog - 6. UNDERLYING FORMS: DISCUSSION...

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6. UNDERLYING FORMS: DISCUSSION PROBLEMS P OLISH 1 Singular Plural Underlying Imperative 1 st singular Underlying 1. ‘noise’ ± um ± umi ± um 18. ‘ox’ vuw vowi vow 2. ‘soup’ ² ur ² uri ² ur 19. ‘fight’ buj boji boj 3. ‘corpse’ trup trupi trup 20. ‘crib’ ² wup ² wobi ² wob 4. ‘bow’ wuk wuki wuk 21. ‘ice’ lut lodi lod 5. ‘club’ klup klubi klub 22. ‘cart’ vus vozi voz 6. ‘labor’ trut trudi trud 23. ‘knife’ nu ± no ² e no ² 7. ‘rubble’ ³ rus ³ ruzi ³ ruz 24. ‘horn’ ruk ro ³ i ro ³ 8. ‘lye’ wuk wu ³ i wu ³ 25. ‘protect’ xron ´ xron ´ e xron ´ 9. ‘house’ dom domi dom 26. ‘shuck corn’ kop kop ´ e kop ´ 10. ‘bell’ d µ zvon d µ zvoni d µ zon 27. ‘frolic’ psot µ s psot µ se psot µ s 11. ‘sheaf’ snop snopi snop 28. ‘shave’ o ³ ul o ³ ole o ³ ol 12. ‘cat’ kot koti kot 29. ‘stand’ stuj stoje stoj 13. ‘nose’ nos nosi nos 30. ‘do’ rup rob ´ e rob ´ 14. ‘basket’ ko ± ko ± i ko ± 31. ‘lead’ vut µ s vod µ ze vod µ z 15. ‘juice’ sok soki sok 32. ‘open’ otvu ± otvo ² e otvo ² 16. ‘forest’ bur bori bor 33. ‘catch’ zwuf zwov ´ e zwov ´ 17. ‘salt’ sul soli sol (1) Items 1-15 : Isolate roots and affixes, note any alternrations in ROOTS, propose underlying forms, and propose a rule to derive the phonetic forms. (2) Items 16-24 : In addition to the consonant alternations seen in 1-15, the vowels alternate. Propose underlying forms and a rule to derive the phonetic vowels. HINT: Look at each set of words where vowels do NOT alternate to see whether there is something about that group that distinguishes it from items 16-24. (3) Rule ordering
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course LING 311 taught by Professor Crosswhite during the Spring '10 term at Rice.

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D06_polish_tagalog - 6. UNDERLYING FORMS: DISCUSSION...

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