Chapter 6 The Cultural Construction of Identity Multiple Choice Questions 1.What helps define an individual’s social identity? a)Him- or herselfb)People s/he interacts with in everyday lifec)Normative categories s/he is placed withind)The behavioral rules he or she followsANS: BTOP: Question 6.1LO: Fact 2. Mahatma Gandhi referred to individuals as drops in the ocean that cannot survivewithout the ocean. This perspective is considered: 3. How do many, or even most, Americans perceive the self? 4.The idea that qualities such as generosity, integrity, or beauty can only apply to social situations, not individuals, describes which view of the self? 5.Japanese people, like Americans, conceive of themselves as individuals.However, unlike most Americans, Japanese believe that autonomy: a) is established through competition.b) takes place away from society.c) is a dangerous concept.
d) is demonstrated through language patterns.ANS: BTOP: Question 6.1LO: Fact 6.The process of choosing different aspects of one’s identity to emphasize is called: 7. According to the author, what is the most important set of characteristics used todefine people in most societies? 8.In Northern Ireland, Catholics emphasize their decency and see themselves asthe only true Irish. Meanwhile, Protestants take pride in their military triumphsand their loyalty to Great Britain. These self-images illustrate the concept of: 9.The berdacheor nadleamong Native Americans are: a) specialized shamans.b) considered disgusting by adult males.c) limited to sexually focused occupations.d) biological males who adopt many female roles, creating a third gender.ANS: DTOP: Question 6.2LO: FactSOURCE: Pickup
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