Ant_102_Lecture_05_2011 - Anthropology Faculty / Student...

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Anthropology Faculty / Student Meet and Greet! When : Wednesday September 28 th 2011 from 12pm – 2pm Where : Student Center “Boardroom” (Room 270 on the 2 nd floor) Refreshments will be provided! Hosted By:
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What we have covered so far. . Lecture 1. Intentional vs. Non- intentional Lecture 2. Referential vs. Non- referential Lecture 3. Human vs. Non-human primates Lecture 4. The role of INFERENCE in communication
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Today Lecture 5. Properties of the linguistic code
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Today Lecture 5. Properties of the linguistic code a. Semanticity b. Arbitrariness c. Productivity I d. Discreteness e. Duality of patterning f. Productivity II
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a. Semanticity
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a. Semanticity: “Semanticity” means that linguistic signs have “meaning.” The meanings of linguistic signs are typically quite specific - unlike the meaning of a wink or non-lexical item such as “uhm” etc. .
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b. Arbitrariness: “Arbitrariness” refers to the fact that there is no essential connection between the meaning of a word and the set of sounds used to convey it. So. .. Hockett - the word “salt” is not granular.
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b. Arbitrariness: You can see this by comparing different languages. ...
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F innish - koira French - chien German - hund Indonesian - anjing Latin - canis Spanish - perro Swahili - mbwa Vietnamese - chó
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[dɑɡ] Convention For linguistic SYMBOLS, the link between a set of sounds - a sign vehicle - and a meaning is fixed by convention and must be learned as a part of acquiring the language (traditional transmission). English
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[chó] Convention For linguistic SYMBOLS, the link between a set of sounds - a sign vehicle - and a meaning is fixed by convention and must be learned as a part of acquiring the language (traditional transmission). Vietnamese
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Are there exceptions to arbitrariness?
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Yes but partial: e.g. Sound symbolism
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Sound symbolism slouch, slip, slush, slink
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Sound symbolism crash, crack, crunch
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Onomatopoeia
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What do frogs sound like? North American English “ribbit” British English “croak”
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What do frogs sound like? Rana Temporaria - Common Frog found in Britain and Europe
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Rana sphenocephala
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Ant_102_Lecture_05_2011 - Anthropology Faculty / Student...

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