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4699e96d918eb6f5823d85bf92439622 - European and American...

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European and American Architecture ca. 1800-1900 Thomas Jefferson (American) Virginia State Capitol (Richmond) 1785-1789 “Neoclassicism”- new classical revival Polymattr—amazingly wide variety of intellectual pursuits, including architecture Most famous design is Monticello (home) in Charlotte, VA LSU is designed after Jeffersonian principles—quad is covered with arcades punctured by a building at the end (Atkinson) Very different from Rococo; unlike Rococo, the style is cool, precise, pure white (no color or mixture of materials), very straight lines (rectangular, not curviness) He recognizes the importance of dignity and authority in the style of a building building is like David’s paintings because there is a new sense of accuracy and knowledge comparison to Maison Caree (Republican Roman Temple in France) by adapting and quoting, Jefferson hoped to suggest a sense of dignity and nobility, as they too were Republican’s (Virginians) Jefferson served as Ambassador to France and visited there in 1787 Jefferson quote about France: “Most precious and perfect model of ancient architecture remaining on earth” six columns crowned with simple entablature and a flight of steps leading up to it columns are Ionic and unfluted in Virginia; columns are Corinthian and fluted in France Proportions of columns are different because of function adapting and pushing things to reach Purism freestanding columns form a porch in the front and on the side; they are engaged with building reason behind building : rejection of decadent Rococo art and acceptance of architecture that suggests dignity rebirth of Republican values and virtues of ancient Rome this architecture is widely accepted as the architecture of the US Compare to White House in DC; majority of buildings in DC are white— symbolism and actualities of the US We owe a lot to ancient Rome; “capitol”=building (derived from a hill in Rome called Capitoleum, which was the seat of government in Rome both capitols are on a hill (in Rome and Virginia) senate is derived from ancient Rome—eagle is the symbol for government in both Rome and the US
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C. Barry and A.W. Pugin (British) The House of Parliament (London) 1836 Neo-Gothic architecture (Gothic was the last phase of the Middle Ages; originally rejected in Italy and the rest of Europe because “Gothic was barbaric”) Gothic was the British national style—a morally superior style because it is both British and Christian, not foreign and pagan the building is enormous and stretches along the River Thames, with the huge clock, Big Ben built after original Parliament was burned down building is 900’ long (3 football fields) 1,100 rooms specific features: 2 towers (West Minster Abbey) deliberately reflecting architecture of a nearby Gothic church window work is very similar to Canterbury Cathedral Charles Garnier (French)
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4699e96d918eb6f5823d85bf92439622 - European and American...

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