f246070e173ee23c734d1b3c7ea37743 - Art History Study Guide...

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Art History Study Guide Final Thomas Jefferson(American)- Virginia State Capitol(Richmond) 1785-89 -designed his own home and college university of Virginia -same time frame as David’s paintings(neo-classicism) -use of classical style makes a political point -compared to Mason Carre’(ancient roman temple) in france and dating to the “Republican period” (Jefferson was an ambassador to france -iconic capitol, pilasters on side Neo-Goth Architecture C. Barry and A.W. Pugin(British)-The Houses of Parliament(London) begun 1836 -gothic is being admired -Sprawls along the Tang River -900 ft long(3 football fields, over 1,000 rms) -largest building up until recent times Eclectic(borrowing from a number of diff. sources) Charles Garnier(French)-The Opera(Paris Opera House) 1861-74 -at the hub of many activities, intersection of 3 major roads -Neo-Baroque -draws from the Louve , Boromini’s church of San Carolle new technology as well as new material gave way to Europe having a style of its own Joseph Paxton(British)-The Crystal Palace(formerly London) 1851 -like a super greenhouse -house of the 1 st world’s fair -made of iron and glass -1851 ft long(1851 was the year of the fair) -15 ft ball fields, 100,000 objects dispayed,6924 iron ALL manufactured and delivered and delivered in 9 months -front resembles Pallazo Rucelli, building as a whole is CHURCH LIKE(barrel vaulted) -pre-electricity so extremely functional for displaying, not supposed to be permanent structure Gustave Eiffel(French)-The Eiffel Tower(Paris) 1887-89 -intended for the 1889 fair in honor of 100 year anniversary of French Revolution -tallest building in the world for its time 984 ft high, 15,000 iron sections, 2.5 millioin rivets -FREE FROM ALL REFERENCES OF THE PAST -architect wasn’t really—but a engineering drop out, he built bridges and tunnels in French colonies -highly criticized -skyscraper was an American invention Louis Sullivan(American)—Wainwright Building(office building St. Louis) 1890-91 -FATHER OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE -FIRST building in the world to use steel-implies exsistance -pilasters and capitols original abstract patterns -appearance of a wall is falling
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Schlesinger and Mayer(department store, Chicago; now called Carson , Pirie and Scott) 1899-1904 -at the time, known as the busies corner in the world -1871 Chicago fire-so they put up a lot of buildings fast chicago was home of modern architecture, modular grid, walls vanished -chicago style windows -decoration at main enternce-fresh NEW INVENTED ornamate Art Nouveau Victor Horta(Belgium-Tassel House(private house in Brussels Belgium) 1892-93 -curvilinear lines-whip like -based on forms from NATURE -ceilings floors and walls make way for decorative art Modern Art Post-Impressionism -impression—the last of the realist movements(realism is the curse of art) -art begins to be more subjective LEFT WING Paul Gaugin(French)—The vision After the Sermon(Jacob Wrestling with the Angel) 1888 -make it more imaginative/spiritual/emotional -not professionally trained(Sunday painter)
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f246070e173ee23c734d1b3c7ea37743 - Art History Study Guide...

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