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week 2 assignment.docx - Running Head: KNOWLEDGE...

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Running Head: KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION AND MEMORY DEVELOPMENT1Knowledge Acquisition and Memory DevelopmentShelby GilmorePSY331 Psychology of LearningMarie BrowskiJuly 16, 2020
The development of memory comes in four stages: short term memory, working memory,long term memory, and autobiographical memory. Short-term memory is “person’s thoughts at the moment he or she experiences something through the senses; a mental storage-limited cognitive workspace for one’s mental activities” (Rosser-Majors, 2017). Short-term memory can also be referred to as working memory. Working memory is a cognitive system that has limited storage capacity that is responsible for temporarily storing and managing information that is required to perform tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehending; this can also be referred to as short-term memory. Working memory is also responsible for our attention span. Long-term memory “information people can recall easily; considered a permanent storage area inthe brain for memory” (Rosser-Majors, 2017). Autobiographical memories are reminiscences of all personal experiences. This means any or all past events that contribute to who you may believe you are. When new information is taken into a previously existing schema this is known as assimilation. When you alter an existing schema as a result of new knowledge this is accommodation. These are two basic components of Jean Piget’s theory of cognitive development. The memory process is a process that is used to retain, acquire, and later retrieve information. The memory process involves three domains: encoding which is processing information so it can be entered into our memories, storage which is maintaining information in our memories for a period of time, and retrieval which is accessing or recalling stored information from our memories so that it can be used. The mental process of knowledge encompasses the many aspects of intelligential functions and processes such as attention, memory and working memory, judgement and evaluation, reasoning and problem-solving, and decision-making and comprehension. “Mental Processes across the discipline types are likely to
vary, especially in the pure fields where the distinction between soft and hard knowledge is greatest” (Nesi, H., Holmes, J., 2012). Being that working memory has a limited capacity it is important to move information from your working memory (short-term) to long-term memory (effective information processing). If the information is not moved into long-term memory, then it could possibly be

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Term
Winter
Professor
ADRAGNA
Tags
Long Term Memory, Memory processes, Memory Development, development of memory

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