Slides for November 3rd

Slides for November - Constitutional and Institutional Design Prof Luc Turgeon November 4th 2010 Key Terms Constitution Constitutional convention

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03/11/10 1 Constitutional and Institutional Design Prof. Luc Turgeon November 4 th , 2010 Key Terms Constitution Constitutional convention Presidential system Checks and balances/ Separation of powers Parliamentary system Responsible government/ Confidence Party discipline Mixed system Constitutional supremacy Constitutional supremacy Parliamentary supremacy Charter of Rights and Freedom Cases: Canada, United States, France Constitutions “The fundamental rules and principles by which a state is governed” Constitutional government: “A government that acts in accordance with the principles established in the constitution”
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03/11/10 2 Written and Unwritten Constitutions Most countries have formal, written constitutions USA - 1787, France – 1789 Canada – Constitution Act, 1867 (amended in 1982, Constitution Act, 1982) Most constitutions are written, but some are unwritten The United Kingdom Constitutional convention: fundamental principles that are followed , but are not contained in a legal document and are not enforced by the courts. Constitutional conventions in Canada? What is the difference between a law and a constitution? Although constitutions can evolve through change in convention and judicial interpretation and review, they are not easily amendable. Amending formula: supra-majority Constitution set the power of… Legislative branch Executive branch Judicial branch …. And the relationship between these different branches
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03/11/10 3 Parliamentary System Parliamentary system : “A system of governing in which there is a close interrelationship between the political executive (prime minister and cabinet) and Parliament (the legislative or law-making body). The executive is generally composed of
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POL 2107 taught by Professor Bourgault during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Slides for November - Constitutional and Institutional Design Prof Luc Turgeon November 4th 2010 Key Terms Constitution Constitutional convention

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