Slides for November 10th

Slides for November 10th - Territorial Organization of...

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10/11/10 1 Territorial Organization of Politics Prof. Luc Turgeon November 8 th , 2010 PART A: UNITARY AND FEDERAL STATES Sovereignty Unitary states Confederal systems Federalism Devolution Delegation Multinational federations Classical vs cooperative federalism Centralized vs decentralized federations Asymmetrical vs symmetrical federalism Canadian federalism Case studies: Turkey, Canada, United Kingdom Sovereignty Definition: “The principle that states have the right to govern their population and territory without outside [or inside] interference.”
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10/11/10 2 Unitary System “A system of governing in which sovereign authority rests with the central government; regional and local governments are subordinate” Absolute sovereignty! Devolution: “A system of governing in which the central government grants some legislative as well as administrative responsibilities to one or more regional bodies” A Unitary State: Turkey Followed the French example Constitution stress the indivisible nature of the Turkish state No political autonomy for the Kurdish population A Case of Devolution: The United Kingdom Historically a unitary state + (a union state) Devolution to Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales Different powers accorded to the three nations (asymmetrical) Powers still reside with Westminster
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10/11/10 3 Confederal System A system of governing in which sovereign states have agreed to delegate some of their authority to a joint government with limited authority while retaining their identity as sovereign states. Absolute sovereignty Delegation (vs devolution) Ex: European Union Federalism A system of governing in which sovereign authority is divided or shared between the central government and regional governments, with each deriving its authority from the constitution. Non-absolute sovereignty Two orders of government Federalism : A Legal/ Constitutional Concept Supreme written constitution Distribution of legislative and executive authority Judicial Empire ‘Coordinacy’
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