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Slides for October 13th - 13/10/10 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES Key...

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13/10/10 1 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES Key Terms Ideology Liberalism Reform Liberalism Neo-liberalism Conservatism Neo-conservatism Socialism Social Democracy Fascism Religious fundamentalism End of history Feminism Environmentalism Key Questions Is ideology still a salient force in political life? What are some of the negative aspects associated with ideologies? Is one specific ideology dominant in today’s world?
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13/10/10 2 Political Ideology Mintz et al.: “A package of interrelated ideas and beliefs about government, society, the economy, and human nature that affect political action.” Often based on a certain view of human nature About how the world should be and what should be the proper role of the state Development of political ideology is associated with the Enlightenment of the 18 th century A period marked by a questioning of traditional religious beliefs and a growing belief that life could be made better with the power of human reason IMPORTANT: Political parties with ideological names do not necessarily reflect the ideology of the same name. Example: The Socialist Party in France has ceased to advocate a socialist economic system Liberalism Emphasis on individual freedom, worth of each individual, and tolerance (inspired by the philosophy of John Locke, John Stuart Mill, Adam Smith) Progress best achieved by unleashing potential of individual, power of individual reason Question authority and tradition Seek to limit scope of government activity Distrust government: stifles individual, progress Role of government: protection of life, liberty and property Strong advocacy of the rule of law, that we should be “subject to known, predictable and impartial rules of conduct, rather than to the arbitrary orders of particular individuals” (Mintz et al.) Laissez-faire economics: business, labour and consumers interact best without government interference. Government to maintain order, enforce contracts. Liberalism in the 20 th Century Reform Liberalism Mintz: “A version of liberalism that combines support for individual freedom with a belief that government action may be needed to help remove obstacles to individual development.” Government should provide a safety net, provide public education to ensure “equality of opportunity”
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POL 2107 taught by Professor Bourgault during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Slides for October 13th - 13/10/10 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES Key...

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