Slides for the Last Class

Slides for the Last Class - ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS...

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ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS Prof. Luc Turgeon POL1101C
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Key Terms Elections Electoral authoritarian regimes Electoral Systems Single Member Plurality Majoritarian Proportional Representation Mixed Member Proportional Columbia vs Michigan vs Rochester Voting Models
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Elections For a representative democracy to function properly: Adult population must be enfranchised There must be periodic elections Election must involve choice Free flow of information and free access for candidates to the public space Secret ballot and protection from undue pressures Process is overseen by an independent commission Irreversibility
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Increasing number of electoral democracies
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Manipulation of Elections Electoral authoritarian regimes Mechanisms (Shedler) Reserved positions Exclusion of opposition forces Restricting political and civil liberties, and access to media Disenfranchisement (formal or informal) Coercion and corruption Electoral fraud and institutional basis Tutelage and reversal
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Electoral Systems Definition: The system used to translate the votes that people cast into the composition of the legislature and the selection of the government . Electoral systems: Single Member Plurality/First Past the Post Majoritarian Alternative vote Run-off Proportional Representation Mixed Members Proportional
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Impact of Electoral Systems Political scientists have argued that electoral systems have a number of impacts: On the number of parties represented in the legislature On the type of political parties represented in the legislature On political participation (ex: voter turnout) On the representation of certain groups (women, ethnic minorities, etc) On the management of political conflicts in deeply divided societies (see Horowitz) On a range of economic and social indicators
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POL 2107 taught by Professor Bourgault during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Slides for the Last Class - ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS...

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