State Nation Nationalism sept 22nd

State Nation - STATE NATION NATIONALISM Prof Luc Turgeon September 20th 2010 KEY TERMS The State of Westphalia Nation Nationalism(ethnic vs civic

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22/09/10 1 STATE, NATION, NATIONALISM Prof. Luc Turgeon September 20 th 2010 KEY TERMS The State Treaty of Westphalia Nation Nationalism (ethnic vs civic) Nation-state Citizenship Naturalization Multi-national state Consociationalism Multiculturalism KEY QUESTIONS What are the defining elements of the modern state? What are the different interpretations of the role of the state in political science? What is the difference between a nation-state and a multi-national state? What is the relationship between the rise of the nation and democracy? What are the different strategies to “manage” diversity in multi-national and multi-cultural states? Spotlight on: Somalia, Germany, Canada
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22/09/10 2 DEFINITION OF THE STATE Mintz et al.: “An independent, self-governing political community whose governing institutions have the capability to make rules that are biding on the population residing within a particular territory.” Max Weber: “(…) a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of the force within a given territory.” WHY IS THE STATE NECESSARY? “Hereby it is manifest that during the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war is every man against every man.” WHY IS THE STATE NECESSARY? “Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war, where every man is enemy to every man, the same consequent to the time wherein men live without other security than what their own strength and their own invention shall furnish them withal. In such condition there is not place for industry, because the fruit thereof is uncertain; (…) and which is worst of all, continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Thomas Hobbes , Leviathan
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22/09/10 3 A FAILED STATE? THE CASE OF SOMALIA A SHORT HISTORY OF THE STATE Greek city-states (around 400 B.C.) Roman Empire (50 B.C. – 400 A.D.) Early Middle-Ages (400-1000) High and Late Middle Ages (1000-1600) THE TREATY OF WESTPHALIA Treaty of Westphalia (1648) and the rise of the absolutist state Notion of sovereignty Establish the foundations of national armies Emergence of core group of states that would dominate European and World politics until the 20 th century
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22/09/10 4 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MODERN STATE (C. PIERSON) Monopoly control over means of violence Territoriality Sovereignty Constitutionality Impersonal power Public bureaucracy Authority/legitimacy Citizenship Taxation POLITICAL SCIENCE AND THE MODERN
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POL 2107 taught by Professor Bourgault during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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State Nation - STATE NATION NATIONALISM Prof Luc Turgeon September 20th 2010 KEY TERMS The State of Westphalia Nation Nationalism(ethnic vs civic

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