01_D_Intro - Introduction to Politics and Globalization...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Politics and Globalization Winter 2011 Dr Daniel Pierre-Antoine Today Introduction to politics & globalization Course organization & requirements To begin... To begin: a couple of questions What is global politics about? ... ... ... Who is global politics about? ... ... ... A working definition of politics Life in a polis, hence politics Any relation involving power Any contest between values, worldviews, or interests that define the community Politics as a dirty word "This is not about politics" "I'm not political but..." Politics is not dirty; it just is can be cooperative or conflictual can be civil or nasty can be done honestly or dishonestly A tendency to state-centrism Putting the state at the centre of the analysis looking at the state looking out from the state Where most politics happens ... as far as most people think (mistakenly) International politics = politics between states Country, state, nation, people, nation-state, government Distinguishing between different entities Country, state, nation-state: moral persons ex.: Canada, China, Burkina Faso, United States Nation, people: the population that inhabits a country/state/nation-state ex.: Canadians, the Chinese, the Burkinab, Americans Government: the group of people who rule a country/state/nation-state and its population From international politics... The Thirty Years' War 1618-1648 Result of the Protestant Reformation Fought mainly in the Holy Roman Empire Protestant kingdoms vs. Holy See Protestant kingdoms vs. Catholic kingdoms Most European states involved The Peace of Westphalia, 1648 The treaty: document, text, signing Holy See & Catholic states recognize Protestant states Catholic states recognize Holy See's spiritual power... But get political independence Cujus regio, ejus religio Whose rule, his religion Key principle: sovereignty Sovereignty in 1648 The sovereignty of the monarch Highest authority Final authority Westphalian system, international system, interstate system, sovereign state system The nation-state today 5 characteristics Sovereignty rests in the people 1. Government/ institutions that rule 2. Territory 3. Population 4. Monopoly of the legitimate use of force internally & externally 5. Diplomatic recognition from other states Three components of state sovereignty ability to manage its internal affairs ability to represent itself independently externally a principle of non-interference by other states The reality is much more complex ... to global politics & globalization "Globalization": Clich & buzzword Often used, seldom defined Invoked as an explanation/justification/excuse for almost anything praised as bringer of wealth, peace, freedom, progress & apple pie blamed as cause of social problems, economic problems & bad-hair days In reality: a multidimentional phenomenon Declining use of the word post-9/11 Defining globalization "...the term globalization captures elements of a widespread perception that there is a broadening, deepening and speeding up of world-wide interconnectedness in all aspects of life, from the cultural to the criminal, the financial to the environmental. At issue appears to be 'a global shift'; that is, a world being moulded by economic and technological forces into a shared economic and political arena", David Held and Anthony McGrew, http://www.polity.co.uk/global/whatisglobalization.asp Multiple dimensions of globalization Security Ex.: War, civil war, arms races/arms control, terrorism Politics, ideology, culture Ex.: International law & organizations, democratization, human rights, religion Economy Ex.: Trade, finance, development, production, work/jobs Environment Ex.: Pollution, climate change, ozone depletion, deforestation, water scarcity, farmland scarcity The importance of consciousness Relations between different parts of the world are not new But: increasing consciousness why a new word frequency of use Globalization affects... more people's thinking more people's actions Is globalization really new? Roman Empire, c. 117 AD Arab Muslim empire, c. 750 AD Muslim commercial routes, c. 800-1200 Mongol empire, 1200s European explorations, 1420-1580 Major European trade routes, 1400-1800 European empires, 1850-1914 In sum... A very complex world Many issues Many different actors Many different problems Last name: PierreAntoine First name: Daniel Availability: Monday 5:306:45pm, DMS 9113 Web: Virtual Campus > > Material political issues, lectures 26 economic issues, lectures 712 > > > Lectures 2 related topics break duration Compulsory & equally important Complement to the lectures One textbook bundle at The Agora bookstore (145 Besserer St.) (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009) > Manfred Steger, Globalization: A Very Short Introduction 2nd Ed. (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009) > Spiegel, Steven et al., World Politics in a New Era 4th Ed. Other readings > Minicoursepack at Rytec Printing (404 Dalhousie St.) > Online: as indicated on the syllabus 2 discussion groups Discussion #1: 14 February Discussion #2: 28 March 2 papers: due at the discussions 1 final exam Compulsory Format > duration 60min (78pm. 89pm, 910pm) > small groups & whole group Presence & contribution Absences must justified Read the texts for indicated on the syllabus Format (strictly enforced) > > > > > > Your voice & your informed opinion See course website for detailed advice and a template 1 inch margins all around Doublespaced page intro 1 page summary of one side 1 page summary of the other side 2 pages of your position on the issue Cumulative: readings & lecture notes No documentation allowed Date, location, and time set by the University Format will be announced at the end of the term Grades Email & office consultations etiquette University lectures vs. entertainment For info, always check > the syllabus > the website Do the readings regularly Start the assignments early Read the etiquette webpage Next Class: War and security ...
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