Conclusion - 1 A simplified history of world politics Many...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 A simplified history of world politics Many of issues Many actors An ever more complex reality 2 War The Peace of Westphalia: a practical answer to a specific problem National security Military competition 3 Developing norms & creating rules: global governance International law & organizations the law of war & the UNSC Collective action problems spotty enforcement mistrust the law in war & the Geneva Conventions states as lawmakers, parties, judges & executioners 4 From lecture 1: "...the term globalization Increasing relations captures elements of a economic widespread perception that there is a broadening, deepening and cultural/ideological/political speeding up of world-wide environmental interconnectedness in all aspects of life, from the cultural to the new security issues criminal, the financial to the environmental. At issue appears From politics between to be 'a global shift'; that is, a world being moulded by governments to politics between economic and technological societies forces into a shared economic and political arena", David Held and Anthony McGrew, http://www.polity.co.uk/global/wha 5 Globalization & consciousness Social, economic, environmental problems The need to act Ascribing responsibility TAKING responsibility 6 Power distribution Human rights & humanitarian intervention Economics: trade & development Environment & population Global governance & cooperation 7 8 Sovereignty & noninterference Seeking relative national autonomy Refocusing politics & economics on the nation state 9 Local needs & conditions Local selfreliance: produce locally & regionally Political effects Ecological effects 10 Building on international law & international human rights Effective implementation & enforcement Reforming & strengthening the UN & other international organizations New international organizations 11 Closer geographical ties Historical & cultural similarities Informal: coordination, harmonization Formal: supranational institutions 12 Everyone is already involved (that includes you) What people know & think affects the world "[C]hange is the result of human actions, deci sions, nondecisions, fear, courage, and other inherently intangible factors. We are all actors on the global stage, and we cannot absent ourselves from the judgments of history; in this light, we all have an obligation to be as inform ed as possible", Allen Sens and Peter Stoett, Global Politics: Origins, Currents, Directions. 13 ...
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