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Brockington%20notes - SCS1150(Prof N Abu-Zahra Summary of...

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Unformatted text preview: SCS1150 (Prof. N. Abu-Zahra) Summary of Brockington (2002) Introduction p. 1 1 1994: those evicted took the Tanzanian government to court 1 1999: High Court of Tanzania ruled that the evicted do not qualify for customary rights 1 2 2 2 2 3 This view of the environment, history, and society is found in conservation across Africa 3 3 Vision promoted by wealth: books, films, documentaries, magazines, tourist dollars 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 Conservation seeks to change human/nature interaction: energy, resources, waste, land use 5 5 Land Loss and Livelihoods Dispossession across East Africa by state or private groups for large-scale farming or conservation 5 Dispossession is sudden while migration and livelihood adaptation are gradual 5 5 6 6 6 6 In Tanzania, agriculture forms less of the economy than before, but uses more land 7 7 7 Conservation – by fortress or community? 7 Reappraisal of conservation ethics practices since early 1980's 7 8 Alternatives that involve and benefit local people 8 8 8 8 Doubts raised by community conservation: 9 9 (3) Local groups may not have power to support parks even if they wished to do so 10 "Revenues from tourism are such that governments cannot afford" to not create reserves 10 Conservation in some African countries -- like Tanzania -- is larger than under colonial rule 10 International support helps African states protect areas, providing funds and rhetoric 10 International support makes local support less necessary to officials 10 11 1988: Tanzanian government finished evicting thousands of people and tens of thousands of cattle from the Mkomazi Game Reserve 1951-1980s: Department of Wildlife thought people and livestock were destroying the Reserve: cattle...
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