take home exam 2 - Jacob Schaaf Student Number: 5970167...

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Jacob Schaaf Student Number: 5970167 Course Code: CIN 2190 Professor: Walid Khachab Final Paper: Comparing Neorealist Film to New Wave Film Neorealist film and New Wave film are both very distinct types of cinema that were used during different times in history . This essay is going to first explain what Neorealist films and New Wave films are and then compare four different aspects of each of these types of films . These four aspects will be, actors used, the shooting locations, the camera style used, and the types of shots that were used in these two different types of films . This essay will then continue on to show my personal opinion on Neorealist and New Wave cinema . Neorealist cinema was considered a proud part of Italian cinema 1 . The 25 years that Neorealism cinema was used in Italy would be the best years in the history of Italian cinema 2 . These films were used to portray the lives of average Italian people in a documentary style . “Rossellini's Roma citta aperta (Rome Open City, 1944-1945), filmed in the streets in a documentary-style portrayal of the internal resistance to Fascism (the Cinecitta studios were being used as a refugee camp), was the first Italian film to receive international acclaim since 1 Zarate, 180 2 Ibid, 180 1
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Cabiria” 3 . With films such as Rossellini’s paving the way for other Neorealist films, this made the Neorealist time period the greatest in Italian cinema . The New Wave film genre emerged from the rebellion times of the 1960’s . It is found that in many instances the writers directed their own films in the new wave era 4 . The new wave films were known to often use unprofessional actors and were more attracted to location shooting over studio sets to increase the realism of the films 5 . Observation has found that New Wave cinema has been “concerned with contemporary cultural issues, everyday life, and ordinary characters” 6 . Although not all of the films may have these attributes, most of them have a least one of these characteristics . New Wave films were very influential for their time as the use of hand held camera’s exploded onto the movie-making scene . These cameras created a certain look that was connected to New Wave films 7 . The New Wave film genre was created in a time with many young directors a low amount of funding for their films, so in turn they were forced to create their movies with handled camera’s which allowed for much more freedom than with a large crew . This breakthrough by these young directors created a new style of cinema that opened many doors for many other directors that have never been explored before . The first point of comparison that will be looked at is the use of actors in both Neorealism and New Wave films . In Neorealism films, the actors used were often non- 3 Zarate, 180 4 Hill, 28 5 Ibid, 28 6 Ibid, 28 7 Neupert, 40 2
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professional 8 . This was part of the idea that many of the directors of the films “believed that ordinary people could do a better job of portraying ordinary people than actors ever could”
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take home exam 2 - Jacob Schaaf Student Number: 5970167...

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