Entire Term Notes - Canadian Politics 11-01-07 12:21 AM One...

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Unformatted text preview: Canadian Politics 11-01-07 12:21 AM One of four main fields of study in Political Science • Normative Politics o Tend to ask the “big questions” in politics • International Relations o Used to be war / peace o Now includes things such as § Environment § Trade § Health § Peace keeping § Human Rights • Comparative Politics • Canadian Politics o Same thing as comparative politics but because we live in Canada it is branded as unique. All countries do the same thing • Where does the theme of Canadian politics come from? o People who studied Canadian politics were mostly done by constitutional lawyers o How the house of commons works o How the senate worked o Influence of the Crown o Society however was mostly ignored § Studied the “hardware” not the people involved o In the 80s and 90s there were a lot of constitutional changes in Canada § This generated a lot of articles for study o Prior to the 70s Aboriginal Politics was basically ignored, but of late have been a huge factor in Canadian politics o Relationships between the Federal government and Provincial government § Study of provincial politics is now acquiring greater and greater importance o Comparative studies in Canadian Politics § Ask why we are, or why we aren’t doing something the same was another country ú Or provincially rather than nationally § The Evolution of State in Canada 11-01-07 12:21 AM History of Canada • France and Britain colonized Canada in the 1500s and 1600s • Prior to their arrival was occupied by Aboriginal people • The colonists and the aboriginals fought sporadically, mostly in Quebec and Ontario, for nearly 200 years • 1713 Treaty of Utrecht o Britain gained control of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland • 7 Year War between France and Britain o 1759 Battle of the Plains of Abraham o 1763 Treaty of Paris • Britain acquired o Quebec o PEI o New Brunswick • This treaty limited how much land France still had in Canada to the two islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon o Royal Proclamation of 1763 was created by the then British Colony of Quebec o Despite being English and Catholic they did not impose or force the French speaking Protestants to use their ideologies. • 1774 Quebec Act o No elected assembly however established a council to advise the Governor of the Colony • This came after the Americans Declared Independence from British Rule. • “French Canada” remained officially neutral during this dispute and thus many (loyal to Britain) Americans decided to move to the British controlled Ontario and New Brunswick • 1791 – Constitutional Act o This Act divided the Colony in two • Upper Canada o Almost exclusively English o The so called “executive council” eventually evolved into the Senate • Lower Canada o This was in part to thank the French for not joining the American Revolution o Each of the Canada’s had their own governor, elective council, legislative assemblies and locally elected council....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POL 2107 taught by Professor Bourgault during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Entire Term Notes - Canadian Politics 11-01-07 12:21 AM One...

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