LEC 2 - LEC 2 13/10/2011 13:13:00 Prelude to the...

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LEC 2 13/10/2011 13:13:00 Prelude to the Confederation: -Canada was first colonized by the French and the initial settlers lived under their  regime, until the British conquest of 1759 - British authorities had various tactics for dealing with French Canadians - There were some attempts to assimilate (biggest difference between English and  French were religion rather than language) - Another approach was to make special provisions for French Canadians because  complete assimilation would prove difficult (allow the French to speak their own tongue,  remain Catholics, etc) - 1840 Act of Union  assimilation is better than provision and the two “Canadas” were  united by the British - Despite this assimilation, there is still no way to unite the language and religious  differences  especially the decision of who governs - Because of this, the decision was made to have one representative from each side  help govern the entire country  Dual prime ministership meant a system of mutual  vetos, as each equally had the power to deny the other, this created political deadlocks  3 factors outlining why confederation happened: Political deadlock Desire to create a market and satisfy business ambitions Better protect against American threats - During this time period, the most rational and strong governments had centralized 
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LEC 2 - LEC 2 13/10/2011 13:13:00 Prelude to the...

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