Lecture 4 PowerPoint

Lecture 4 PowerPoint - POL 2156B FOUNDATIONS OF RESEARCH...

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POL 2156B FOUNDATIONS OF RESEARCH The Literature Review
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WHAT IS WRONG WITH THESE HYPOTHESES? Can you fix them? Higher murder rates are associated with higher school dropout rates. The turnout rate in my riding was low because the incumbent ran unopposed. People who are active in politics tend to contribute money to election campaigns more than people who are not active in politics.
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LECTURE PLAN Selecting a research topic and research question Purposes of a literature review Finding and reading sources Writing the review: structure Anatomy of a literature review Exercise Research Design Assignment: Research Question and Literature Review
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WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW? “A formal, exhaustive examination of the principal books, articles, and monographs written on a topic” (Schmidt, 2010)
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SELECTING A RESEARCH TOPIC AND RESEARCH QUESTION The primary purpose of a literature review is to sharpen the research question. As Johnson & Reynolds note in your text, “A research project will get off on the wrong foot if the question that shapes it fails to address a political phenomenon, is unduly concerned with discrete facts, or is focused on reaching normative conclusions” (p. 62) Do not focus on narrow factual issues (e.g. “what % by- elections won by incumbents?” , “How many private members’ bills are introduced in a parliamentary session?”) Avoid normative questions. There are many interesting and important ethical questions, but these are not really amenable to social research. You should be able to answer the “so what” question. If someone is able to say “who cares about that?” and you do not have an answer, then there’s probably a problem.
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The goal can be any of a number of the following: •To find out what has, or has not been investigated •Developing general explanations •Identifying possible relationships between concepts •Learning how others have defined key concepts •Identifying sources of data (evidence) that other researchers have used •Developing research designs •Discovering how your research is related to the research of others
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Lecture 4 PowerPoint - POL 2156B FOUNDATIONS OF RESEARCH...

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