20090831-Policy_Overview - Policy Analysis Overview Public...

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Policy Analysis Overview
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Public policies in a modern complex world are ubiquitous . They confer advantages and disadvantages, cause pleasure, irritation, and pain, and collectively have important consequences for our well-being and happiness.
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What is public policy? What makes policy “public”? What types of policies are “public”? Who makes public policy? Where is public policy made? What is a public policy problem? How do policy problems develop? What is policy analysis? Why is it needed? Questions we’ll be exploring today…. .
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Some Characteristics of Public Policies: Developed by some form of government body Directed toward some goal Involves some action over time All emerge in response to public needs/demands May be positive (involve action) May be negative (decisions to do nothing) All are authoritative, have a legally coercive quality
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Definition of “Policy” A proposed course of action of a person, group, or government within a given environment posing constraints and providing opportunities to reach a goal or realize an objective or purpose. Goal directed action
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What characteristics make a policy "public"? Policy that affects a large number of people? Policy that has broad effects? Policy that involves consequences for those not directly involved? Really a continuum Private Public
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Whether a condition or situation is regarded as a problem that needs to be solved by public policy depends not only on its objective dimensions, but also, quite importantly, on how it is perceived by people--or put differently, how it is " socially constructed What characteristics make a situation a “Problem”
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How and Where is Public Policy Made?
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Where is public policy made? Administrative: Made by individuals working in public agencies responsible for implementing public policy Legislative: Development of statute law Executive: Policy made by elected officials who carry out legislative policy Judicial: Interpretation of existing law in the courts
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What type of action do these bodies take? Substantive: Policies involving actions to distribute resources to individuals and groups offering benefits/disadvantages, cost and benefits (e.g., building highways, distributing welfare checks, providing health care, etc) Procedural: Regulations how things are to be done (e.g., FAA regulations, FDA, FTC regulatory policies on advertising, Law enforcement, etc.)
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How Does Policy Allocate Resources? Distributive : Using public funds to assist particular groups, communities, or industries Many of these types of policies are viewed as “pork barrel” or “add on” policies Produced by individual lobby Usually passed without much challenge
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- Redistributive: Involves reallocation of money, rights, or power from one section of society to another Highly contentious Difficult to get passed and retain How Does Policy Allocate Resources?
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How does public policy regulate society? -
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course ECON 1101 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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20090831-Policy_Overview - Policy Analysis Overview Public...

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