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20090907-Policy_Framework

20090907-Policy_Framework - publicarena ,strategies...

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The Policy Analysis Process
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Goals of Policy Analysis Reducing uncertainty and providing  information for decision makers in the  public arena As systematic evaluation of the technical   and economic feasibility and political  viability of alternative policies, strategies  for implementation, and consequences for  policy adoption
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Approach to problems that is logical,  structured, valid, and replicable Generation of feasible courses of  action A search for information and evidence  of benefits and other consequences of  courses of action  In order to help policy makers choose  the most advantageous policy action Policy Analysis Process
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Evaluating  Alternative Policies  or Programs Evaluating  Alternative Policies  or Programs
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Ex-Ante (rational model) Ex-Post (program evaluation) Policy Analysis Process
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Ex-ante evaluation projecting future states  with and without policy or  program Evaluating  Alternative Policies or  Programs
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Ex-post evaluation Did policy or program achieve its  objective? Was policy or program efficient,  equitable, and politically  acceptable? Evaluating  Alternative Policies or  Programs
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Policy Analysis  Framework  Using the Scientific Method in Social Science
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will involve a  RESEARCH PLAN
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From Inspiration to Legislation “Research is more an art than a science.  Discovering the important facts, sorting out  superfluous information, and assembling  the best sources requires knowledge,  creativity, and a bit of luck. Although its  impossible to create a simple “how-to” list  to the steps to faultless policy research,  certain core principles guide the most  effective legislative research.” Black, p. 14 
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RESEARCH  PLAN Problem definition motivation for the analysis defining the policy problem defining the analyst’s problem
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RESEARCH  PLAN Background research legislative history political environment previous policy efforts other relevant information
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RESEARCH  PLAN Research design specification of research objectives outline of informational needs specifications of methods to be used
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RESEARCH  PLAN Research implementation data collection data tabulation results presentation analysis of results Conclusions and recommendations
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Step 1: Problem Definition
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From Inspiration to Legislation Often ideas for legislation begin with a  legislator’s general sense that a  problem exist though he or she doesn’t  have much background information  that points to a solution.
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