f_0020466_17228

f_0020466_17228 - MAP ROOM THE NEW LIBRARY The world’s...

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Unformatted text preview: MAP ROOM THE NEW LIBRARY The world’s libraries hold at least 1.5 billion items, according to the listings of WorldCat, the massive catalog of the Ohio-based Online Computer Library Center. Books are no longer just printed and bound words gathering dust on shelves. The holdings of national libraries (at right) may still be greater than their digital counterparts, but scanned books, available on the Internet, are revolutionizing the role of the library in civil society. In August 2010, Google estimated there are some 130 million books in the world that it hopes to digitize, and they are not the only ones with such a mission. Libraries today are digital pioneers, scanning and uploading vast amounts of data from their collections. University and library collectives across nations, like the Universal Digital Library and Europeana, scan entire collections or choose certain categories of writing to digitize. The Austrian National Library and the World Digital Library began digitization to ensure historic works were safeguarded beyond their fragile pages, taking their cue from the destruction of the Library of Alexandria a millennium ago— when fire consumed innumerable ancient texts. Digitization protects and shares humanity’s collective knowledge. Though a truly global digital library, encompassing all published work in every medium, may be decades in 2the future, it’s already well underway. —Nestor K. Bailly WORLD DIGITAL LIBRARY 1,298 Envisioned by Librarian of Congress James H. Billington, unesco’s World Digital Library allows great historic works that “institutions, libraries, and museums have preserved [to] be given back to the world free of charge and in a new form far more universally accessible.” UNITED STATES 33.3 MILLION GOOGLE BOOKS 12 MILLION Google works with publishers and libraries to create a searchable, fulltext catalog of books in all languages. Since its scanning process destroys books, many libraries upload their own collections to the Google database. Harvard, a founding member, used to restrict access to its library; now users everywhere can discover its collection digitally. CANADA 10.2 MILLION VENEZUELA 3 MILLION BRAZIL 4 MILLION INTERNET ARCHIVE 2.3 MILLION WORLD POLICY JOURNAL • FALL 2010 OCLC WorldCat 1.5 BILLION (INDEX) AUSTRIAN NATIONAL LIBRARY 400,000 The ANL has one of the world’s top historical book collections dating from the 16th to 19th centuries. Preservation and accessibility are top priorities. As many of these ancient volumes are fragile and not physically available, the ANL does its own scanning to preserve and make available its historical texts. EUROPEANA 10 MILLION Europeana is an open portal to access Europe’s shared cultural and scientific works. On its launch in November 2008, 15 million users— triple the number expected—sought entry to the site in its first hour, swamping its servers. UDL 1.5 MILLION UK 14 MILLION RUSSIA 17 MILLION FRANCE 14 MILLION CZECH REP. 915,000 EGYPT 2 MILLION Led by Carnegie-Mellon University, the Universal Digital Library is a collaboration between national and research libraries in China, Egypt and India to provide a full-text library of books on the Web. Its works of agriculture science promote the universal availability of improved farming practices. CHINA 9.3 MILLION ISRAEL 14 MILLION JAPAN 9.2 MILLION PAKISTAN 130,000 ETHIOPIA 28,000 INDIA 4.5 MILLION AUSTRALIA 7.5 MILLION SOUTH AFRICA 1.4 MILLION DIGITAL INNOVATION SOUTH AFRICA 215,000 DISA has digitized materials relating to the socio-political history of South Africa from 1950 to 1994, especially on liberation and apartheid. Its fully multimedia project has some 215,000 items of archival text and journal pages, oral Article Slug histories, music, videos and posters. 3 WORLDWIDE INTERNET TRAFFIC VISUALS BY CHRIS HARRISON INFOGRAPHIC BY NICK DITMORE ...
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