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Unformatted text preview: 177 Space Weaponization and Canada-U.S. Relations: Lessons from Australia S PACE W EAPONIZATION AND C ANADA-U.S. R ELATIONS : L ESSONS FROM A USTRALIA Steve Buchta At a time when new forms of security threats via outer space place further pressure on states to characterize key security values, a governments best option is to design a relevant and innova- tive space defense policy. In particular, the geographic location, finances and diplomatic support of middle powers afford them a decisive role in the international realm of space and security policy. To shed light on future space and weaponization policy options this article applies a comparative analytical framework to Canadian and Australian military space relations with the United States. An in-depth examination of these states past, present and future approaches to space weaponization reveals that rapid adoption of new organizational and managerial practices for Canada and the U.S. would improve the chances of long-term middle power-major power cooperation on space weaponization. I NTRODUCTION Since the end of World War II, Canadian security policy has maintained a highly adaptive quality. New circumstances and emerging threats have continually challenged the evolutionary capacity of the Canadian military. The repeated success of Canadas defense can be attributed to a sound capacity to anticipate security needs, generate appropriate approaches to 10 Steve Buchta is a Master of Arts candidate at The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University . 178 Steve Buchta combat and foster strategic partnerships with close allies. Now more than ever Canada must modernize its security policy. Major players in global politics have largely finished reshaping the post-Cold War geo-strategic environment. Most notably, the United States has taken an assertive role in the fight against terrorism. In this stasis of new global order, Canada has aligned itself with NATO members to combat the Taliban in Afghanistan and has been committed to implementing the Canada-U.S. 2001 Smart Border Declaration. Clearly, Canada has demonstrated a sovereign interest in building closer security relations with the United States. Outside the events of September 11 th 2001, new forms of security threats via space place further pressure on the Canadian government to character- ize its key values and design an innovative defense policy. The prospect of a Space Pearl Harbor, and lost access to space-based services should not be understated. Attacks to key Canadian space assets could be effectively deterred through cooperation in U.S. space weaponization efforts. In or- der to help formulate and refine Canadas collaborative approach to space and security, I argue that the Government of Canada must move beyond broad international policy statements and formulate a defense strategy specifically for space policy which allows Canada to effectively participate in and advocate U.S. space weaponization. In support of this argument in and advocate U....
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- Fall '11