{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

f_0020492_17253 - 91 5 moving Beyond CoerCive diPlomaCy a...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
M OVING BEYOND C OERCIVE D IPLOMACY : A N EW P OLICY A PPROACH TOWARD I RAN S N UCLEAR A MBITIONS Brandon M. Boylan This article reviews recent coercive measures taken by the United States in order to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons and argues that an engagement policy is more likely to achieve success. Coercive approaches have included threatening a mili- tary strike, levying UN sanctions, and supporting EU economic offers, but they have not been successful in encouraging Iran to change its present course. Although the current administration is pursuing an engagement policy, it is more likely to achieve success if it articulates its approach with more substance and precision. This should consist of two dimensions. Firstly, the United States should encourage Russia to be at the forefront of diplomatic efforts since its strategic position to both the United States and Iran makes it an appropriate mediator on the nuclear issue. Secondly, the United States must strengthen its democracy promotion efforts directly among the Iranian people, which will reinforce the democratic movement in Iran in the long run. I NTRODUCTION Iran’s nuclear brinkmanship cannot be sustained much longer. The Iranian 5 Brandon Boylan is a Ph.D. Student in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
92 government continues to evade nuclear inspections, reject incentive pack- ages, and test missiles while driving forward its nuclear program. Moreover, the outcome of the June 2009 elections has guaranteed that President Ahmadinejad’s power will not wane soon, diminishing hopes for a change in the status quo. Meanwhile, the international community remains in the dark about Iran’s nuclear development and how to proceed in a way that will deliver desirable results. How long will it take Iran to construct a nuclear weapon? What should be done about it? And who should do it? The Bush administration was unable to assemble a strategy that rendered solutions – or even progress. From threats of a military attack to diplomatic force, no approach proved effective. Though the Obama administration is willing to advance a new agenda, it must first reconcile past missteps without appearing soft on the issue. The United States cannot expect to rope Iran back into the world’s good graces if it continues to place its relationship with the Iranian government at the forefront of the resolution process. For example, an opportunity emerged for the two administrations to work together when the National Intelligence Council (2007) concluded with “high confidence” that Iran had discontinued its weapons program, but Washington hardliners squandered this opportunity by continuing to advocate coercive measures, prevent- ing the possibility for progress. Because Iran views the European Union (EU) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as proxies for U.S. interests, their efforts have been unsuccessful as well. The Obama
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern