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Unformatted text preview: !" ! !"#$%&’ )*+&,#"-+$ $- * .’-/ 0"*’ 1&2/&’*# 2*31$1*/" $3 4&#$/$2*# 52$"32" */ /6" 7’*18*/" #$%&’&(&) +, #$&)-$.&’+$./ .$0 1)2)/+34)$& 5&(0’)% ’$ 6)$)2.7 89)-) 9) ,+:(%)% +$ ;(-+3).$ ’$&)<-.&’+$ .$0 ;=>= )$/.-<)4)$&= ?) :.$ @) -).:9)0 .& 2)/’@+-=A.B+2/)%B’C <-.0(.&)’$%&’&(&)=:9= ! "# % &’() &* #+,+ #-%./’#0#-! 1 # 23&/!(-’ 4 !.5(%(!6 &/ (-"#/(!(-’ .- # 03(/# 7 D)/’@+- E.B+2/)%B’ The European Union (E.U.) has served as an anchor of order and stability in Europe for decades and continues to play an important role in shaping its external environment through enlargement, or the process of expansion through the accession of new member states. However, the logic that informs con- temporary E.U. enlargement policy has undergone a significant shift. This paper argues that this change is attributed to the desire by the E.U. to ensure internal security in the aftermath of the Yugoslav and Kosovo wars. E.U. internal security and enlargement policy, therefore, are inextricably linked. This has resulted in a variable and differentiated enlargement process, with the emergence of a Europe characterized by metaphorical concentric circles of fading political authority as one moves from the E.U. “core” into the European “periphery.” !" ! $%&’()*%!’$ Through economic and political integration, the European Union (E.U.) has served as an anchor of order and stability for half a century among its !F member states. The E.U. continues to play an important role in stabilizing its external environment by orienting states beyond its borders towards Brussels through enlargement, or the process of expansion through the accession of new member states. The E.U. attempts to steer the domestic politics of states outside its borders and prevent the spillover of security issues from its neighborhood 1 through various association agreements. This policy was perfectly exemplified by the E.U.’s decision to enlarge to Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and to further integrate the Western Balkans. Both decisions occurred in the aftermath of the Yugoslav and Kosovo wars, respectively. The E.U. saw the two conflicts as existential threats and concluded that enlargement was the only means by which to attain internal and regional stability. The E.U. ensures internal security by exporting the benefits of E.U. integration to non-member states. It is insufficient, therefore, to study European integration as an isolated phenomenon. An understanding of the E.U.’s external environment is equally important in assessing how the enlargement process shapes Europe. In that light, this paper will discuss the nexus between two different E.U. enlargement frameworks and the security priorities which inform them. Specifically, contemporary E.U....
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- Fall '11
- European Union, E.U, enlargement, e.u.