v14_2003c - 2 REGIONAL COOPERATION ON MARITIME PIRACY: A...

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Journal of Public and International Affairs , Volume 14/Spring 2003 Copyright 2003, the Trustees of Princeton University http://www.princeton.edu/~jpia 2 R EGIONAL C OOPERATION ON M ARITIME P IRACY : A P RELUDE T O G REATER M ULTILATERALISM I N A SIA ? Jennifer C. Bulkeley Jennifer C. Bulkeley is a Master of Public Affairs candidate at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (bulkeley@princeton.edu). This article examines the potential for the emergence of a multilateral maritime regime in East Asia founded on regional cooperation to reduce maritime piracy. Although multilateralism has not yet taken hold in Asia, this article suggests that maritime piracy might be the ideal issue on which to base greater regional cooperation in the future. The article examines the root causes and effects of maritime piracy, describes regional efforts to address the problem and potential challenges to a maritime regime, and provides policy recommendations for the future. The final analysis concludes that an East Asian anti-piracy regime is possible and that a regional approach to piracy may serve as a prelude to greater multilateralism on other issues, such as naval cooperation and counterterrorism efforts.
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Is Asia ready for a regional, multilateral regime? Recent trends reveal greater regional cooperation and multilateral dialogue between states in East Asia. As national interests become more closely aligned and individual states seek protection against common threats, states within the region will likely continue to pursue even greater collaboration. Although many individual states have historically mistrusted one another and been hesitant to commit to a multilateral regime, the increased economic interdependence of the region and the growth of multilateral institutions such as the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) have provided multiple opportunities and stimuli for cooperation. Continued political tensions and geostrategic struggles for power will likely prevent the region from developing a comprehensive political alliance or overarching security regime, but the seeds of multilateral cooperation have been planted. By starting with a lower profile issue and addressing a common, outside threat that affects every individual state, East Asia may slowly develop a functionalist regime. This article examines the potential for the establishment of a maritime regime in East Asia founded on multilateral cooperation for anti-piracy measures. Although piracy has not yet become a top priority concern for individual states in the region, the issue has the potential to devastate East Asia’s political stability and economic strength, significantly damage environmental quality, and increase the region’s vulnerability to future terrorist attacks. Individual states, international organizations, and the private sector have already begun to respond to the problem, and multilateral dialogue has laid the foundation for future cooperative action. Establishing a regional response to piracy will not be easy.
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v14_2003c - 2 REGIONAL COOPERATION ON MARITIME PIRACY: A...

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