04.29.09.Symmachus.Final

04.29.09.Symmachus.Final - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 04.29.09: Symmachus and the End of Roman Religion
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Q. Aurelius Symmachus From the elite family of the Symmachi Early start to political career: part of a Senatorial delegation to the court of Valentinian I in 367-8 In Spring 384, briefly gained the rank of urban prefect, the highest position at that point for Senators From his preserved writings, his Relationes are reports sent to the Western Emperor, Valentinian II during his eight month tenure in the postion
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St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan Successful public career (under Symmachus’ patronage, no less) 374, chosen to be Bishop of Milan Would later go on to oppose Theodosius I (who ruled in the East)
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Altar of Victory Altar to Victoria (Victory) had already been once removed from the Senate House in 357 during Constantius II’s visit to the city. Presumably J ulian put it back up. The Emperor Gratian in 382 (died 383) order the altar taken down, removed state support for traditional religion, revoked financial privileges given to the Vestal Virgins, and properties of temples, etc. were seized
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The Roman Senate’s Reponse Symmachus and his contemporaries part of a way of life that was out of sync w/ the times – Roman elite ennobled by wealth and traditional institutions Sent an embassy to Gratian in 382 to try to overturn the laws, St. Ambrose intervened such that Gratian did not even receive them (or possibly Macedonius, the magister officiorum
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04.29.09.Symmachus.Final - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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