04.20.09.Gnostics.Heresy

04.20.09.Gnostics.Heresy - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 04.20.09: Gnosticism and Heresy
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“Players” Valentinus (prominent c. 140 CE) – Gnostic leader and poet. Passed over for being bishop of Rome, claimed to have received secret teaching from Theudas (a disciple of Paul) Irenaeus (c. 130 – 202) – First systematic theologian, bishop of Lyons c. 178 Tertullian (c. 160 -240) – Rhetorician who argued on behalf of Christians in the late 2nd / early 3rd century, eventually left the Orthodox church to join the Montanists
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Gnostics and Nag Hammadi Only knew of them from works condemning them as heretics (Irenaeus and Tertullian, prominently) Part of a religious “movement” dealing in “inner-knowledge” ( gnosis) Nag Hammadi finds (c. 1945) gave us first glimpse of them in their own words – and of the variety of beliefs.
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Major types Valentinian (Eastern and Western) Sethian Thomasine Christianity (from the tradition of the Gospel of Thomas , Christ as an utterer of gnomic statements)
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course 190 326 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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04.20.09.Gnostics.Heresy - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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