04.08.09.Pauline.Christianity.As.An.Intellectual.Religion

04.08.09.Pauline.Christianity.As.An.Intellectual.Religion -...

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Pauline Christianity as an Intellectual Religion 4/8/09
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The “Rise” of Christianity a) Big bang theory of Christian beginnings The true religion the “triumph” of Christianity b) Historical sketch Beginnings: Small movement of apocalyptic Jews working within Judaism Diversity of Christianities Not dominant until Constantine
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Historical Order ___0_____30/31___________49–56_________________66–70 ________100____________ d. Jesus Letters of Paul Jewish war Mark Luke-Acts?? Matthew? Stories about Jesus Story about the Apostle s Letters An Apocalyps e Matthew, Mark, Luke, John Acts Romans , 1-2 Corinthians , Galatians , Ephesians , Philippians , Colossians, 1-2 Thessalonians , 1-2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon , Hebrews , James, 1-2 Peter, 1, 2, 3 John, Jude Revelation
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B. Paul vs. the Pauline tradition a) Paul in later Christian tradition The Canon The founder of universalism Authority Model of religious experience (Conversion) Theologian of sin b) The Historical Paul: 7 letters ca. 49–56 An apocalyptic Jew Apostle to the gentiles Small groups of followers in Mediterranean cities Called, not “converted”: letters vs. Acts
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Paul’s Conversion in Acts As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” Who are you, Lord? Saul asked. “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,” he replied. Now get up and go into the city and you will be taught what you must do.” The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the sound but did not see anyone. Saul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. For three days he was blind and did not eat or drink anything. (9:1ff)
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Basics of Paul’s Thought A. Basic Ideas and Terms Abraham, God’s promises, the law, Jews, Gentiles, idolatry, messiah B. The Logic of Paul’s Thought a) The apocalypse (end world; God’s judgment of all) is coming, soon. b) Apostle to the Gentiles and the problem of Gentile sin (in light of a.) c) Accountability to the law as a problem (in light of a. and b.) d) New option (in light of a., b., and c.): God’s breath inside you ( pneuma )
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Impending apocalypse E.g. Rom 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and wickedness of those who by their wickedness suppress the truth.19 For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 Ever since the creation of the world
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04.08.09.Pauline.Christianity.As.An.Intellectual.Religion -...

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