03.25.09.Other.Emperors

03.25.09.Other.Emperors - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 03.25.09: Other (cont’d) and Religion Under the Emperors
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Exam Format 50 Multiple Choice (50%) (Did I mention bring a pencil?) 5 out of 7 IDs (4 - 5 sentences this time) (25%) One short essay (prompt given in advance) (25%) List of terms for IDs (and just general review) will be online tonight, as will prompt (which we will be looking at now).
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Mater Magna / Cybele
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“Mater Magna” Brought to Rome in a time of crisis, according to Livy ( RR , pp. 91-3) Celebrated with games (Megalesia) and a lecisternium Generally presented as a Greek deity in her early worship, she was brought into Rome as a black rock taken from Pessinus, only drawn up the Tiber through the vow of the Vestal, Claudia Quinta Ovid and Lucretius’ descriptions show that by the late Republic, had been assimilated more thoroughly to her worship as the Asiatic deity, Cybele (i.e. personified, chariot with lions, “turreted” crown, and worship by self-castrated priests called galli ) Roman citizens were barred from becoming galli
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Close-up of the “turreted” Cybele
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Roman, head of a Phrygian Priest, 0 CE? Not necessarily one of Cybele, but the type of hat is typical of her priests!
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“Cybele” Only under the emperor Claudius (ruled 41-54 CE) are the springtime festivals that are closer to the Asiatic cult made official, not fully attested until much later, 354 CE Also an associated mystery cult dedicated to Attis, Cybele’s lover, that involved the taurobolium (a bath in bull’s blood), but the ritual isn’t attested until the 2 nd century CE The orgiastic mystery cult version may well have been a problem for Roman authorities (see RR, pp. 88-9)
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“Oh dear, I think I’m becoming a god.” Empire and Religion
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The Problem of Perception (in Reception) Our own perception of antiquity, particularly of the Romans, is often skewed by the popular imagination. The Roman emperors, as a whole, are no
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course 190 326 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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03.25.09.Other.Emperors - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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