03.11.09.Vestals.Calendar.Festivals

03.11.09.Vestals.Calendar.Festivals - GREEK AND ROMAN...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 03/11/09: Vestals, Calendar and Festivals, Papers
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Vestal Virgins Chosen between the ages of 6 – 10; Always six Vestals No flaws ( vitia ): parents still alive, no handicaps, neither parents could be slaves Engaged in a thirty year term of service: 10 years learning the rites, 10 performing them, 10 teaching them to others. After that, free to leave service and marry, but generally considered “bad luck” to marry a Vestal
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Vestal Virgins (cont’d) Required to remain chaste; lesser offenses could be punished by a whipping with rods A loss of chastity was punished by death They tended the sacred flame of Vesta, brought by Numa in 713 BCE, and kept it going. Also prepared the salted cakes that were used in public sacrifices
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Statue of a Chief Vestal c. 3rd century CE
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Atrium of the Vestal Virgins Begun before 2nd century BCE, modified through until 3rd century CE
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Temple of Vesta Restored post 191 BCE Note the shape. Also, the position – the Forum Romanum. Contained no statue, only Sacred fire Palladium (guardian statue of Athena originally taken from Troy) Fascinum (state of an erect penis that warded off evil)
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Honors Received by Vestals Freed from the manus of their father – and so could inherit and manage property on the end
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03.11.09.Vestals.Calendar.Festivals - GREEK AND ROMAN...

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