02.25.09.Midterms.Italy.Rome

02.25.09.Midterms.It - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS Intro to Roman Civ and Religion Midterm Class Average 84(B No curve(High percentage of A-B so any

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 02/25/09: Intro to Roman Civ. and Religion
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Midterm Class Average: 84% (B) No curve (High percentage of A-B+s, so any curve would either be pointless or damaging to folks who legitimately succeeded on the exam) For IDs: 0 (totally off), 0.5 (some knowledge), 1 (at least half of ID correct, but lacking important info), 1.5 (almost entirely right), 2 (solid proof of understanding term/concept) Grades posted to Sakai; Will be in office tomorrow 12-2+ to discuss concerns (and after class tonight)
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There was a dream that was Rome. -Marcus Aurelius, Gladiator (2000) [Not a real quote, of course, and Hollywood left off the other relevant bit: “…and mostly it involved beating up everyone else and taking whatever wasn’t nailed down.”] Intro to Roman Religion and History
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“Pre-Roman” Italy Extremely diverse culturally and linguistically ( linguistic map ) Three major groups (1) Etruscans (2) Italic peoples of central Italy (of which were the Latins, which the Romans regarded themselves as being part of, were included) and (3) Greek settlements in Southern Italy (i.e. Cumae, Neapolis [lit. “New City”])
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Map of Italy w/ Settlements
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The Greeks (briefly) Area known as “Magna Graeca” (Greater Greece) First settlement in 775 BCE at Pithecusae (i.e. part of the 8 th century wave of colonization) Tarentum was the final colony that fell to Rome, used a series of Greek mercenary generals to defend itself—most famously Pyrrhus of Epirus from 280-275 BCE. And moving swiftly onward…
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Etruscans Developed by 8 th century BCE from “Villanovan” bronze age culture (legendarily came from Lydia but almost certainly not true – exact origins still a mystery) 6 and 5 centuries, expanded outwards and established an empire in Campania 4 centuries went into the Po river valley and held Rome under their control for a time. Integrated Greek influences into their own cultural framework
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Skyphos w/ Heroes at Troy, Attic Red figure (found at Caere), c. 490 BCE
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-Made burials in a site called a necropolis (a “city of the dead”, pls. necropoleis ) -Individual structures (called tumuli ) mimicked the interior layout of a house - Necropolis at Caeri (modern Ceveteri), from 7 th -2 nd centuries BCE
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Tomb of the Painted Reliefs, Caere (early 3 rd century BCE)
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Tomb of the Infernal Quadriga, Sarteano, Italy (last third of the 4 th century BCE)
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Etruscan Language and Pantheon
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course 190 326 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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02.25.09.Midterms.It - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS Intro to Roman Civ and Religion Midterm Class Average 84(B No curve(High percentage of A-B so any

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