03.04.09.Republic.Household

03.04.09.Republic.Household - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 03/04/09: Roman Society, Household Religion
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Orphic Beliefs Summary Things I Was Hoping to See: (1) Idea of humanity being descended from the Titans who ate Dionysus (2) Notion of dualism between body/spirit as the result of humanity’s creation (3) Orphic beliefs on how to escape reincarnation (i.e. lamellae as guides to the underworld, etc.)
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The Abridged Version The Roman Republic
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Government Consuls – two chief yearly magistrates. They gave their names to the year (later during the empire, several sets served during the year, only one set gave their names to it, though). Praetors – numbers and functions fluctuated, two major divsions: praetor urbanus served as a judge in matters of cases dealing with Romans, praetor peregrinus in matters dealing with Romans and foreigners
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Government A few other lower magistrates ( aediles , etc.) that were part of the “course of offices” ( cursus honorum ) that a Roman official was expected to “climb” in order. Tribune of the Plebs – created in 494 BCE as a check against Patrician authority, allowed to veto an legislation and put forward proposals to the comitia plebis tributa Senate – nominally an advisory body, comprised of all men of the rank of quaestor (by late Republic) or higher, but usually had its consulta (decrees) followed Voting assemblies – three different voting assemblies: comitia curiata, comitia centuriata, comitia plebis tributa; passed laws
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Society Concept of patronus and cliens (patron and client) relationships Socially, two classes (1) Plebs and (2) Patricians; politically third class the equites (originally those wealthy enough to use a horse in battle, became the merchant class) Originally, Senate and priesthoods only open to patricians (original council of Romulus were the patres conscripti ) Over time, high offices were opened to plebeians, and few meaningful distinctions between pleb and patrician remained, though some positions were still “patrician only”
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Priestly Colleges Collegium (pl. collegia ) – priests were organized into what were called “colleges” Pontifices (s. pontifex ) – these were the major priesthoods, included the “flamens” of J upiter, Mars, Quirinus; primary priest was the pontifex maximus ; however, the rex sacrorum (king of the sacred things) techincally “ranked” higher – but not in terms of authority Augurs – organized as a college, took the auspices prior to undertaking any official action (think prayer before a presidential inauguration), also analyzed omens
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course 190 326 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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03.04.09.Republic.Household - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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