02.23.09.Dionysiac.Orphic.Mysteries

02.23.09.Dionysiac.Orphic.Mysteries - GREEK AND ROMAN...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 02/23/09: Dionysiac and Orphic Mysteries
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Midterms Halfway done grading the IDs Scanning entirely done Shooting for Wednesday, but earlier possible – grades will be posted to Sakai once all of them are done
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Extra Credit G.F. Piney lecture on the Acanthus Column at Delphi on Thursday Feb. 26 th (i.e. this Thursday!), 4:30 PM at the Rutgers Student Center on CAC, Room 411 ABC. ( Link to blog ) Will have a sign-in sheet circulating (or located somewhere conspicuous), if you go, I’ll replace your lowest homework/quiz grade with a 100. Two more opportunities to do this during the term TBA, only one time valid per student If you can’t attend any, I will come up with some alternate assignment
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Other Announcements New schedule to be circulated on Sakai soon to account for us being off by ~ a class. For Wednesday, do the readings on early Rome (02/25) and proceed forward, we’ll try to come back to skepticism / religion in crisis Guest lecturer for 04/08: Prof. Emma Wasserman, from the Rutgers Department of Religion, will be speaking on Pauline Christianity as an intellectual religion
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Ecstasy in Life, and Navigating the Afterlife Dionysiac and Orphic Mysteries
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Syncretism Means the fusion of different systems of belief and thought, particularly in terms of politics or religion Ancient religions in general were very syncretic, but the rural Dionysia and Orphic mysteries were exceptionally so – they freely mixed and matched bits of belief systems from each other and traditional Greek religion
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Dionysiac Mysteries In contrast to the City Dionysia / Great Dionysia, Dionysiac mysteries were in nature a mystery cult not under the purview of state authority The exact nature and form of worship practiced aren’t too well known, most of what we have is pieced together from different accounts One of the best we have is that of Euripides, an Athenian playwright from the 5 th century BCE
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Some Common Elements to Dionysiac Mysteries Revelry Some sort of sexual escapades? Indulgence in wine (the gift of the god) Ritual cries: Io! Io! Bacchae! / Evohe! In the Bacchae , included tearing animals to pieces ( sparagmos ) and eating raw flesh ( omophagia ); wearing fawn skins In myth, accompanied by maenads (female retinue) and satyrs For the Iobacchoi at Athens, more sedate meal part of worship Bacchos = male worshippers, Bacche = female worshipper Also carried thyrsi (thyrsus/thyrsos in the singular), a fennel stalk capped with ivy or vine leaves)
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Satyrs and Maenads Attic red figure vase, ca. 460-450 BCE (Note the little child satyr!)
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Maenad with Thyrsus Roman adaptation of Greek original, ca. 27 BCE – 14 CE
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Maenad with Thyrsus and Drum 20 BCE – 20 CE from Pompeii, Casa del Naviglio
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Villa of the Mysteries Pompeii (Italy) Ca. 60-40 BCE Mural with Initiatory Scenes
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Villa of the Mysteries Pompeii (Italy) Ca. 60-40 BCE Mural with Initiatory Scenes
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Villa of the Mysteries Pompeii (Italy) Ca. 60-40 BCE Mural with Initiatory Scenes
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course 190 326 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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02.23.09.Dionysiac.Orphic.Mysteries - GREEK AND ROMAN...

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