02.16.09.Delphi.ExamReview

02.16.09.Delphi.ExamReview - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 02/16/09: Delphi & Review
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Oracular Prophecy and Inter-state Actions Delphi – Historical Foundations
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Delphi – The Place and History (Google maps) Extensive settlement during Mycenaean era Sanctuary first attested at the end of the ninth century BCE Settlement probably relocated after this temple was built First archaeological links via dedications w/ Corinth and Thessaly. Several different versions of Temple of Apollo built due to destruction by earthquake, fire, etc.
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Delphi – Place and History (cont’d) Sanctuary was administered by the Delphic Amphictiony, priests and workers for cult drawn from the area around, beginning of the 6 th century BCE Also a separate polis of Delphi, but not related to the temple Amphictiony could defend the sanctuary and declare a sacred war against any desecrators (and did, on four occasions)
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Sanctuary of Delphi I – Temple of Apollo II – Theatre (part of what’s called a theater-temple complex) III – XXXI – Treasuries Arabic numbers – individual dedications
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Temple of Apollo VI, Delphi
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Plan of Temple of Apollo VI
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Omphalos “The navel” Metaphorically, the center of a geographic area Delphi claimed to be the center of the world Omphalos was in adyton of temple Supposedly marked the spot where two eagles Zeus released to east and west met. Sometimes also either regarded as the Python’s tomb or the tomb of Dionysus
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Treasury of the Athenians 490 – 480 BCE
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Delphi - Prophecy Prophecies given by the Pythia, the priestess of Apollo, and then interpreted by the
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02.16.09.Delphi.ExamReview - GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS...

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