02.11.09.ElectiveCults.RitesofPassage.MidtermFormat

02.11.09.ElectiveCults.RitesofPassage.MidtermFormat - GREEK...

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Unformatted text preview: GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 02/11/09: Demeter/Eleusis, Elective Cults, Brauron, and Midterm (!) Homeric Hymns Series of hymns to various gods and goddesses Authorship unknown (Homeric is just convenient given the stylistic nature) Probably composed in the 8 th or 7 th century BCE-ish (though some may date to 4 th 2 nd centuries, i.e. the Hellenistic period, running from 323 with death of Alexander until battle of Actium in 31 BCE) Homeric Hymn to Demeter Tells story of abduction of Persephone by Hades. Provides an etiology for the seasons, but also, Demeters wanderings in search of her daughter explain the founding of a cult to Demeter at Eleusis. It is this aspect of the hymn well be focusing on. The Narrative Hades kidnaps Persephone / Kore, abducting her to the underworld as his bride. Demeter (also called Deo) searches for her daughter, while Hecate and Helion inform her of what happens. In her grief, Demeter disguises herself as an old woman, who visits Eleusis. Daughters of Keleos (Kallidike, Klesidike, Demo, and Kallithoe) take pity on her. The Narrative Another daughter of Keleos and Metaneira, Iambe, realizes that their guest is more than mortal and provides appropriate honors (white fleece on chair) Iambe cheers up Demeter with jokes and wit, making her forget her lost daughter for a time. Demeter, as a goddess, refuses mortal food and drink and has Metaneira prepare her the kykeon a mix of barley groats, water, and pennyroyal Demeter would have nursed Metaneiras son The Narrative Demeter reveals herself, then men of Eleusis build her a temple, where she resides while nothing on earth grows. After being entreated by all the gods in turn at the command of Zeus, Demeter refuses to relent until Hermes is sent to Hades to fetch Persephonewho returns to her mother, but has eaten a pomegranite seed, which forces her to remain for 1/3 of the year in Erebos Demeter explains rites of Eleusis to Triptolemus, Keleos, and Diokles Wall Painting of Hades Abducting Persephone/Kore 4 th Century Vergina, Greece Some Thoughts for Discussion What are some of the underlying themes in the text? What does it serve to explain? How does the role of Demeter and Kore compare to that of the Great Mother? Homeric Hymn to Demeter as Mystery Text The hymn presents a journey made by Demeterher searching, her attempt to find Demeter, the drinking of the kykeon , the reunion with her daughter, followed by the showing of the mysteries....
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02.11.09.ElectiveCults.RitesofPassage.MidtermFormat - GREEK...

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