02.09.09.SacredSpace.HouseholdRituals.ElectiveCults

02.09.09.SacredSpace.HouseholdRituals.ElectiveCults - GREEK...

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GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGIONS 02/09/09: Sacred Spaces, Private, Elective Cults (prelim)
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Athenian Acropolis as Example
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Acropolis (Detail View) Erechtheion Parthenon Propylaea Old Temple of Athen Polias
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Acropolis and Pericles Much of the Acropolis was burned to the ground during the Persian invasion ca. 480 BCE Athenian statesman who dominated politics in the city between the Persian invasion and Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens Used funds from Athenian allies (i.e. the Athenian empire) to embark on an ambitious rebuilding of the Acropolis beginning in 449.
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Erechtheion Built to house several older cult sites and over older structures Results in a weird architectural design Started 421 – finished 407(ish) (after Perciles’ death, eventually housed original xoanon of Athena Polias [Athena who guards the polis ] that supposedly fell from sky.]
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Erechtheion Plan
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Erechtheion Photo
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Other Highlights of the E. Housed original olive tree given by Athena Housed salt-water spring that Poseidon struck Shrines to Cecrops/Kekrops (first king of Athens) – etiological myth, his three daughters looked in basket he told them not to, were so terrified when snakes came out jumped off cliff, supposedly snakes were kept here and fed sacred cakes. Altar to Poseidon and Erechtheus (early Athenian king) And more!
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Parthenon Eventually housed a larger statue to Athena Polias, but name derives from Athena Parthenos (Athena the Maiden). Combines Doric and Ionic features (particularly, the sculptural Ionic frieze) Frieze depicted the Panathenaic procession
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Parthenon
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Plan of Parthenon and Frieze Panel
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Panathenaia Celebrated on 28 th Hekatombaion The festival of Athena’s birthday Beginning around 566 BCE, every fourth year was celebrated as a Great Panathenaia, with Panhellenic Games Began with fetching of fire from Akademos (~2 miles away) to Temple of Athena
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Procession ( pompe ) Procession went from Dipylon Gates to Temple of Athena (Polias) Included wide variety of people: Magistrates Ergastinai (Workers) Kanephoroi (Basket-bearers) Thallophoroi (Branch-bearers) Military parade Skanephoroi (Tray-bearers) Freed slaves and barbarians
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Greater Panathenaia Competitions in Homeric recitation, athletic contests, Phyrric dance, ship racing, victors received an amphora of olive oil as a prize Also included lavish sacrifice – 100 oxen, or a hekatombe , meat was then distributed as a feast. Also, probably only during Greater, a new
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02.09.09.SacredSpace.HouseholdRituals.ElectiveCults - GREEK...

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