Machiavelli2 - Dr Chris West Lecture Notes March 4 2009...

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Machiavelli Part 2 a revolutionary in many ways and a reformer of the moral vocabulary about virtue and vice, good and evil. Machiavelli seeks to replace, to transpose an older vocabulary associated both with Plato and certainly, biblical sources Platonic or Christian otherworldliness , Virtue, virtù is related with manliness, force, power. He tells us, in chapter 25 of The Prince, the ethic of the prince must be one of audacity: fortune is a woman and the prince must know how to conquer the woman, policies of force, brutality, audacity: the language of Machiavelli. Virtue is associated with the quest for worldly glory, with ambition, with the desire to achieve success in the political and philosophical literature about this is called the problem of "dirty hands." if you want to join the political game, you must be prepared to get your hands dirty Religion and the reason of state If European morality is to be transformed, somehow, the source of morality must be addressed. That source is religion and its moral teaching. chapter 18, Machiavelli advises the prince always to cultivate the appearance of religion. The prince, he writes, should appear all mercy, all faith, all honesty, all humanity and all religion, he writes, adding nothing is more necessary to appear to have this last quality. Christianity is good, but the practice of it is harmful for the prince. Instead of Socrates’ insistence in answer to Thrasymachus, that it is better to be than to appear good, It is much better to have the appearance than the reality of religion. Dr. Chris West Lecture Notes March 4, 2009 1
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Machiavelli's teachings about religion is made clear in hiss Discourses on Livy Book II, chapter 2, called "Concerning the Kinds of People the Romans had to Fight and how Obstinately they Defended their Freedom," Here we find a powerful contrast between two opposed and mutually incompatible moral codes, the Christian and the pagan.
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