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Unformatted text preview: Score: _____ out of 8 (= 24 points √∑ 3) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 2 Name: TA: Section: 1. (3 points) Hierarchical structure in syntax. The cartoon below contains a sentence that is ambiguous , i.e. it can be understood in two ways. Draw two tree diagrams each of which shows one of the ways in which the sentence can be understood. DO NOT PUT PHRASE LABELS SUCH AS ‚ÄúNP‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúVP‚ÄĚ, ETC. ON THE DIAGRAMS. Use unlabeled trees like those for ‚ÄúThat butcher has smoked ham‚ÄĚ on page 25 of the APS book. The sentence you are to diagram is simplified a little from the actual sentence in the cartoon. It kills fleas and ticks for six months. It kills fleas and ticks for six months. (Meaning: It kills two kinds of creatures.) (Meaning: It kills fleas and it ticks.) 2. (1 point) Grammatical categories. The question and the rather unexpected answer in the cartoon below show the need to recognize different GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES in syntax. Which word is the joke centered on and what TWO CATEGORIES are involved? Linguistics 1, Assignment 2. p. 2 3. (7 points) Phrase structure trees and grammatical categories. Each of the sentences below can be accounted for by the Phrase Structure rules on page 27 of the APS book. Draw a fully labeled tree above each sentence. Use the trees on pages 26-27 of the APS book as a model. (Label ‚Äėhis‚Äô in the upper right sentence as a Det(erminer) .) He sped through the light. The driver blinked his lights at the car without lights. John repaired the light on the clock quickly. A guard of guards guards guards. 4. (2 points) Meaning vs. grammar. For each of the sentences below, check the appro- priate boxes. REMEMBER, ‚Äúgrammatical‚ÄĚ means that the sentence conforms to the rules of grammar on p. 27 of the APS book. THERE IS ONE EXAMPLE OF EACH OF THE FOUR POSSIBLE COMBINATIONS....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course LING 1 taught by Professor Schuh during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.
- Spring '08