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Assig_3_2012W

# Assig_3_2012W - Score out of 8(= 16 points 2 LINGUISTICS 1...

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Score: _____ out of 8 (= 16 points ÷ 2) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 3 Name: TA: Section: 1. (1 point) Estimate the size of your vocabulary! Proceed as follows: Get a dictionary of the language you want to work on (it doesn ʼ t have to be English). Language and dictionary: 1. Look at the first word on each of 25 randomly selected pages and enter the number of words you know from those 25. 1. 2. Divide line 1 by 25 (this is the percentage of those words you know). 2. 3a. Count the total number of words on a randomly selected page and enter the number:. 3a. 3b. Enter the total number of pages in the dictionary. 3b. 4. Multiply line 3a by line 3b. 4. 5. Multiply line 2 by line 4. This is the approximate number of words you know in this dictionary. Of course, if you wanted to know how many words you know in the language , you would have to use an unabridged dictionary! 5. 2. (3 points) Essentially all linguistic communication has the arbitrary relation between form and meaning. Other ways of communication sometimes have an arbitrary , sometimes a nonarbitrary relation to the message. Here are three symbols for hazards. Circle ARBITRARY or NONARBITRARY for the relation between the symbol and its message. Explain in 15 WORDS OR LESS why the relationship is ( NON ) ARBITRARY . For example, if the picture were a road sign showing a leaping deer meaning “watch for deer”, you would say NONARBITRARY , giving as your reason, “The picture relates directly to the meaning because it LOOKS LIKE a deer.” Meaning: “Danger, corrosive materials.” Meaning: “Danger, biologically hazardous material.” Meaning: “Potentially lethal danger.” ARBITRARY NONARBITRARY Reason: ARBITRARY NONARBITRARY Reason: ARBITRARY NONARBITRARY Reason:

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Linguistics 1, Assignment 3, p. 2 3. (2 points) On page 39 of the APS book, we give examples where, on the one hand, Hausa has one word ( ka ɗ a ) covering a range of meanings that English expresses with several words, and, on the other hand, English has one word ( break ) covering a range of meanings that Hausa expresses with several words.
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